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Code title biography
3272 Whit Rouncewell

In The Town Whit Rouncewell first appears when he tries to find the town's night marshal Grover Cleveland Winbush after seeing "them two fellows in Christian's drug store" (169). He is probably a relative of Mrs. Rouncewell, perhaps her son; he is definitely a contemporary of Linda Snopes: later in the novel, he is one of Linda's adolescent admirers and escorts during her last year in high school (222).

3271 John Wesley Roebuck

A friend of Chick Mallison, John Wesley is among the five boys who go rabbit hunting along Harrykin Creek on a winter day. Many of the males in Yoknapatawpha are named after Confederate generals; John Wesley is undoubtedly named after the 18th century English cleric who was one of the founders of Methodism.

3270 Mrs. Riddell

In The Town this woman is the wife of the highway engineer who moves to Jefferson, where they discover that their second grade son has polio.

3269 Mr. Riddell

Mr. Riddell is a highway engineer who moves to Jefferson in The Town, where it is discovered that his son has polio.

3313 Riddell, Boy

In The Town, this second-grade boy moves to Jefferson with his parents. When it is discovered that he has polio, the school that he and Chick attend is closed. He is hospitalized in Memphis, and Eula says to Chick, "Let's hope they got him to Memphis in time" (324).

3268 V.K. Ratcliffe I

Eula identifies the first American "Ratliff" to Gavin Stevens as Ratliff's "six or eight or ten times grandfather": although presumably he originally came from Russia, he arrived in the new world as an ensign in the British army. He became a prisoner of war in Virginia, but escaped and was rescued by "a woman of course, a girl, that hid him and fed him" (338). After the Revolution he became "a Virginia farmer" (338).

3267 Nelly Ratcliffe

She is the wife of the original Vladimir Kyrilytch and mother of the second. She is the daughter of a Virginia farmer who hid and fed the Russian-born mercenary soldier when he escaped from an American prison during the Revolutionary War. At some point they married, and began the line of "V.K."s that culminates in the character readers meet frequently in the fictions. As her story is told in The Townand repeated in The Mansion, her maiden name was Ratcliffe, and the couple adopted it as their married name. Over time, the "c" and "e" were dropped from the spelling.

3266 Wilbur Provine

According to Ratliff in The Town, Wilbur Provine "was really a Snopes" - which is another way of casting aspersions on his character. In Wilbur's case, "he ran a still in the creek bottom by a spring about a mile and a half from his house" (177). He gets a five-year sentence for making moonshine whiskey - and for making his wife walk so far to fetch water for their home.

3265 Sally Hampton Priest

Sally Priest, an abused married woman, receives a corsage from Grenier Weddel and a black eye from her husband; according to Gowan Stevens' account, "you would even have thought she was proud of it" (81). Her maiden name, "Sally Hampton" (80), suggests she is related to the Hamptons who are county sheriffs in other fictions, but if Faulkner imagined her in that relation, the text gives no hint of it.

3264 Maurice Priest

In The Town Sally Priest's husband, Maurice, fights with Grenier Weddel and blacks one of his eyes for sending his wife "not just what Father called a standard panic-size corsage, but a triple one" (81). Then, at home, Maurice Priest blackens his wife's eye. (The Maury Priest who appears in The Reivers is apparently a different character.)

3263 Mrs. Nunnery

Mrs. Nunnery is the mother in The Town who enlists Eck Snopes' help when her son Cedric goes missing. She is so frantic that she doesn't even hear the explosion in which Eck blows himself up during the search; "finally they made her sit down and somebody gave her a drink of whiskey and she quit screaming" (115).

3262 Cedric Nunnery

In The Town Cedric is the son of Mrs. Nunnery and about five years old. After he goes off to play in a culvert, the search for him results in Eck Snopes' accidental death. Cedric himself returns unscathed.

3261 Miss Killebrew

The teller at the Sartoris bank in The Town, Miss Killebrew receives one of the four "coca colas" that are regularly delivered from the drugstore at the end of the business day (323).

3260 Matt Levitt

Matt Levitt won the Golden Gloves boxing competition "up in Ohio or somewhere last year," according to Charles Mallison in The Town (192). Gavin says, "He graduated from that new Ford mechanic's school and the company sent him here to be a mechanic in the agency garage" (192). Levitt owns a yellow cut-down racer, and Linda rides in it with him. He and Gavin, for a time, are rivals for Linda's attention. After Matt bloodies Gavin's face and has a violent altercation with Anse McCallum, the sheriff runs him out of Jefferson.

3259 Mrs. Ledbetter

Mrs. Ledbetter - whom Ratliff invariably calls "Miz" Ledbetter - lives near Frenchman's Bend in a place called Rockyford. In The Town she buys a sewing machine. In both that novel and The Mansion Ratliff travels to Rockyford to deliver it.

3258 Mr. Kneeland

In The Town, Mr. Kneeland owns the tailor shop in Jefferson, where he makes men's clothes and rents out formal menswear, such as the tuxedos worn to the Cotillion Club ball.

3257 Mr. Hovis

The Sartoris bank cashier, Mr. Hovis, receives a "coca cola" at the bank's closing time (323). (If in Faulkner's imagination he's related to the Mrs. Hovis who appears in the earlier short story "Uncle Willy," The Town makes doesn't mention the connection.)

3256 Ashley Holcomb

In The Town Ashley Holcomb is one the boys in the Harrykin Creek hunting party.

3255 Hogganbeck, Grandfather of Melissa

In The Town the grandfather of Melissa Hogganbeck served under Lee during the Civil War till the end, through the surrender at Appomattox in 1865.

3254 W.C. Handy

In The Town W.C. Handy, the famous Negro band leader and composer "from Beale Street in Memphis," provides the music for the Cotillion Ball (76). In the larger canon, Handy also provided Faulkner with the title of the short story "That Evening Sun" (1914) - one of his most famous songs, which begins "I hate to see that evening sun go down." The novel calls him "Professor Handy" (76); Handy called himself, and has often been called by others, 'the Father of the Blues.'

3253 Emily Habersham

In The Town, "Miss Emily Habersham" arranges for Bryon Snopes' children to travel "back home, to Byron Snopes or the reservation or wherever it was" (389). She may be some kind of social worker, but that is not clearly suggested. Nor is her relationship to Miss Eunice Habersham explained.

3252 Jabbo Gatewood

In The Town Jabbo Gatewood is the son of Uncle Noon Gatewood, who as a blacksmith shod horses. In a sign of social change, Jabbo becomes an automobile mechanic: "Jabbo was the best mechanic in the county and although he still got drunk and into jail as much as ever, he never stayed longer than just overnight anymore because somebody with an automobile always needed him to pay his fine by morning" (71).

3251 Uncle Noon Gatewood

Although the soubriquet applied to Uncle Noon Gatewood in The Town labels him according to the demeaning conventions of Jim Crow culture, he is one of the few Negro businessmen who appear in the fictions. He is the "big and yellow" owner of a "blacksmith shop on the edge of town" (68).

3250 Mr. Garraway

In The Town Mr. Garraway owns the store at Seminary Hill. Gavin Stevens describes him physically as "an old man with an old man's dim cloudy eyes magnified and enormous behind the thick lenses of his iron-framed spectacles" (328).

3249 Garraway, Father of Mr. Garraway

In The Town Mr. Garraway inherits his general store and its "worn counter" from his father (328).

3248 Eunice Gant

Eunice Gant is a clerk at Wildermark's store. (If in Faulkner's imagination she is related to the Gants who move to Jefferson from Frenchman's Bend in "Miss Zilphia Gant," The Town doesn't mention the fact.)

3247 Miss Elma

Despite her title, "Miss Elma" in The Town is the widow of the previous county sheriff who now works as the "office deputy" for Sheriff Hub Hampton (183).

3246 Jack Crenshaw

Jack Crenshaw is "the Revenue field agent that did the moonshine still hunting in our district" who calls the sheriff about Montgomery Ward Snopes' studio in The Town (182).

3245 Clefus

Gavin Stevens' janitor in The Town is named Clefus. Charles Mallison speculates about how pleasantly surprised he was when he came in "to sweep the office" and found the whiskey toddy Gavin had left untouched on his desk (376).

3244 Walter

Walter is Willy Christian's janitor in The Town. "His grandfather had belonged to Uncle Willy's grandfather before the Surrender" (167). He and Willy have a lot in common, according to Charles Mallison, except that "if anything Walter was a little more irascible," and instead of morphine, Walter has a weakness for the store's "medicinal alcohol" (167).

3243 General Burgoyne

General Burgoyne was a British commander who, as Eula puts it in The Town, "surrendered in the Revolution" after his forces were surrounded by a superior force of colonial soldiers (338). Historically his defeat had important results for the cause of American independence; in the novel, his surrender made V.K. Ratliff's ancestor the family's first American.

3242 Ephriam Bishop

Ephriam Bishop is the county sheriff in The Mansion when Mink is released from prison. He and Hub Hampton alternate being Sheriff every four years. (In The Town one of Linda Snopes' suitors is referred to as "the youngest Bishop" boy, but neither novel makes any connection between these two Bishops.)

3241 Bishop 2

In The Town this unnamed Bishop "boy" is one of Linda's adolescent admirers and escorts during her last year in high school (222). He is identified as "the youngest Bishop," but the novel says nothing about the others in his family (222). (In The Mansion a man named Ephriam Bishop is the sheriff.)

3240 Preacher Birdsong

Preacher Birdsong is a World War I veteran who "learned to box in France in the war" (192). He "lives out in the country," and likely is connected to the Birdsong family in Frenchman's Bend that appears in two other texts - but that's not made explicit. "Preacher" is his name, not a job title. Charles Mallison has seen him boxing with Matt Levitt.

3239 Henry Best

In The Town Henry Best is the loudest and most exasperated man in Stevens' meeting with the town's aldermen to settle the questions raised by the stolen brass.

3238 Theron Adams

In The Town Theron is the youngest son of Mayor Adams and Eve Adams; he declines Manfred de Spain's challenge to fight him.

3237 Mr. Adams

In The Town Adams is the Jefferson mayor who precedes Manfred de Spain in the office: "the mayor with a long patriarchal white beard, who probably seemed to young people like Cousin Gowan older than God Himself, until he might actually have been the first man" (11).

3236 Eve Adams

The mother of Theron Adams in The Town is the "old fat wife" of Mayor Adams (11). To the younger people in Jefferson, she and her aged husband are disparagingly called Adam and "Miss Eve Adam" - a "fat old Eve" too old to tempt or be tempted (11).

3235 Unnamed Twin Nephews of Devries

When Ratliff calls Devries two nephews "them foreign twin boys" in "By the People," he means they are not from Yoknapatawpha (138). In that story and again in The Mansion, they are apparently old enough to understand "what might happen" if Clarence Snopes' legs are anointed by "damp switches" from the dog thicket, and to know how to do so without getting caught (138, 349).

3234 Unnamed Sister of Devries

The sister of Devries in "By the People" and The Mansion is, like her brother, not from Yoknapatawpha but a county further east; she comes to the picnic at Varner's Mill to watch her brother announce his candidacy, bringing her twin sons with her.

3233 Unnamed Negroes in Frenchman's Bend

Although in other Yoknapatawpha fictions the population of Frenchman's Bend is almost entirely white, local Negroes appear in "By the People" and again in The Mansion in two ways. The "roistering gang" that Clarence Snopes leads frequently "beats Negroes" (89, 328). When Clarence becomes the Bend's constable, he also hits the "first few Negroes who ran afoul of his new official capacity . . . with the blackjack he carried or the butt of the pistol which he now officially wore" (89, 329).

3232 Unnamed Negro Troops

These are the two different groups of "Negro troops" who serve in the U.S. Army in World War II and Korea that Devries commands in "By the People" (134). When Faulkner has the story's narrator say that in Korea, Devries "commands troops containing Negroes" rather than "Negro troops," as in the earlier war (134), he may be acknowledging the actual, slow history of racial integration in the military. World War II was the first time the U.S. Army allowed blacks to serve in combat, but kept them in segregated units that were commanded, as the narrator notes, by white officers.

3231 Unnamed Negro Sergeant

In "By the People" this Sergeant is serving in the Korean War when "single-handedly" he and Devries hold off an enemy attack to allow the escape of a trapped battalion (134). He is wounded during the action. The same event occurs in The Mansion, except there it occurs during World War II (339).

3230 Unnamed Negro Army Soldier 2

In "By the People" and again in The Mansion this soldier, "a hulking giant of an Arkansas Negro cotton-field hand" in civilian life (134, 339), heroically rescues Devries and a sergeant by carrying them both away from enemy fire. Devries (unofficially) recognizes his heroism by pinning one of his own medals on the man. We can hear affection and admiration in Devries' voice when he addresses the man who saved him as "you big bastard"; the narrator's tone when he persists in calling this soldier a "field hand" is harder to interpret (134, 340).

3229 Unnamed Negro Army Soldier 1

In "By the People" and again in The Mansion this soldier accompanies Devries to the front line and helps lead the trapped battalion back to safety. He is called a "runner" (134, 339) which probably means he is a soldier assigned to a commanding officer, though it may also mean messenger. The only difference between the two texts is that in the story this happens in Korea, while in the novel it's somewhere during the fighting in World War II.

3228 Unnamed Members of Silver Shirts

Like the Ku Klux Klan, the next organization that Clarence Snopes joins in "By the People" and The Mansion - "Silver Shirts" - was a real white supremacist, antisemitic organization (131, 334). Its official name was the Silver Legion of America, but its nickname acknowledges its ideological indebtedness to Brown Shirts in Germany, the fascist group that helped bring Hitler and the Nazis to power in the 1930s. It was founded in North Carolina in early 1933.

3227 Unnamed Members of Ku Klux Klan 2

In "By the People" and again in The Mansion Clarence Snopes uses Yoknapatawpha's Ku Klux Klan to advance his own political career, which serves as the occasion for Faulkner's one explicit engagement with the Klan as an element in U.S. history. Historically the Klan is a terrorist, white supremacist organization that came into existence in the South after the surrender at Appomattox and the abolition of slavery.

3226 Unnamed Members of Clarence Snopes' Gang

In "By the People" and again in The Mansion, during his youth in Frenchman's Bend Clarence Snopes is the leader of a "gang of cousins and toadies" (89, 328) who terrorize the community around Frenchman's Bend. They fought and drank and beat Negroes and terrified young girls" (89) - slightly revised to "fought and drank and gambled and beat up Negroes and terrified women and young girls" in the novel (328).

3225 Unnamed "Feller" Who Tricks Clarence Snopes

When Ratliff tells the story of how Clarence Snopes' political campaign ingloriously ended in "By the People" and again in The Mansion, he invents a man who does the dirty work. In the story he calls this "feller" a "low-minded rascal," an "underhanded son of a gun" and a "low-minded scoundrel" (138). In the novel he refers to him as an "anonymous underhanded son-of-a-gun" and an "underhanded feller" (349). In neither text, however, does Ratliff fool his listeners - or, almost certainly, any of his readers.

3224 Unnamed Girls of Frenchman's Bend

In "By the People" and again in The Mansion these are the "young girls" who are "terrified" by the gang that Clarence Snopes leads (89, 328).

3222 Unnamed Helper of Clarence Snopes

This entry represents the "somebody" who gets a car in both "By the People" and The Mansion and then (as "they" in the short story and as "somebody" in the novel) drives Clarence Snopes home to get a dry pair of pants.

3221 Unnamed Army Officer 1

This army officer - referred to as the "exec" in Devries' unit in Korea in "By the People" (134) and as the "second" in Devries' unit on a World War II battlefield in The Mansion (339) - is the executive officer who is second in command of the Negro combat unit that Devries commands. It's likely Faulkner imagined him as 'white': historically, as an officer, he would definitely have been white during World War II, and probably white in the Korean War.

3220 Unnamed Army Nurse 1

In The Mansion this army nurse, "kin" to a Jefferson family, comes to Jefferson after the end of World War I as the town's "first female hero," having served as a lieutenant on a base hospital in France "within sound of the guns behind Montdidier" (199).

3219 Unnamed Army Nurse 2

In "By the People" she serves in a field hospital in Korea, and helps Devries reward the soldier who saved him on the battlefield. In The Mansion she performs the same action in a field hospital somewhere else, during World War II.

3218 Unnamed Army General

In "By the People" and again in The Mansion this officer pins a medal on Devries; in the story it's for his heroism during the Korean War; in the novel, during World War II.

3217 Boys Named Remish

According to the narrator of "By the People," the compact organs manufactured by "the Remish Musical Company of South Bend, Indiana," were so popular with the country folk in Frenchman's Bend that in time "boy children from that section were bearing into puberty and even manhood Remish as their Christian names" (87). The narrator of this story is not noticeably facetious, and Faulkner's country people in other stories name their children things like "Montgomery Ward," so there's no reason to think this is just a joke.

3216 Unnamed Wife of Mister Ernest

Mister Ernest's wife died of unspecified causes three years prior to the time of the narrative in "Race at Morning" - that is, a year prior to Mister Ernest adopting the narrator.

3215 Unnamed Man from Vicksburg Roadhouse

The narrator of "Race at Morning" calls the man with whom his mother ran off "two years ago" a "Vicksburg roadhouse feller" (307). "Roadhouse" is a dialect term for an inn or tavern on the side of a road. This man may have worked there, or perhaps the phrase just means the roadhouse is where he and "maw" met (307).

3214 Unnamed Hands and Tenants at Van Dorn

In "Race at Morning" there are both "hands and tenants" on Mister Ernest's property (308). The narrator does not define the difference, but presumably the "hands" work for a salary, and the "tenants" farm a parcel of land for a share of the crop after it is harvested. The narrator's parents were among the "tenants"; no other members of either group are described, but it's likely that there are blacks as well as whites among them.

3213 Unnamed Game Wardens

These generic game wardens - the state officers who supervise the start and ending of the deer hunting season in Mississippi - are noted briefly, only once, by the unnamed narrator of "Race at Morning."

3212 Unnamed Mother of Narrator 2

The unnamed twelve-year-old narrator of "Race at Morning" calls his mother "maw" (307). She abandons him and his father two years before the story takes place, when she "took off in the middle of the night with a durn Vicksburg roadhouse jake without even waiting to cook breakfast" for her son (308).

3211 Unnamed Father of Narrator 3

The unnamed twelve-year-old narrator of "Race at Morning" calls his father "pap" (307). He leaves his son behind when he leaves the tenant cabin he lives on at Mister Ernest's place, presumably to search for his wife, who has herself run off with a "durn Vicksburg roadhouse jake" (308). He never returns for his son.

3210 Simon

The Simon who appears in "Race at Morning" is not Simon Strother, who appears in Flags in the Dust and The Unvanquished. Like that earlier 'Simon,' however, he is a servant, one of black cooks for the white deer hunters. He also handles the hunting dogs while the white hunters pursue deer.

3209 Mister Ernest

According to the twelve-year-old narrator of "Race at Morning" Mister Ernest "wasn't jest a planter; he was a farmer" too - which means he worked on his land along with "his hands and tenants" (308). He raises "cotton and oats and beans and hay" (309) at Van Dorn, his estate somewhere close to the wilderness in which the hunt takes place. A widower, he adopts the unnamed narrator when the child's parents - tenant farmers on his land - abandon him. Mister Ernest goes deer hunting each November with a party of men from Yoknapatawpha.

3207 Unnamed Young Southern Woman

Requiem for a Nun establishes the social status of Jefferson's "Female Academy" by referring to the value that a "certificate" from it has for "a young woman of North Mississippi or West Tennessee" (177).

3206 Unnamed Young Northern Woman

Requiem for a Nun's narrator creates this 'character' as a point of reference. As part of his description of Jefferson's "Female Academy," he mentions a hypothetical "young female from Long Island or Philadelphia" who receives an invitation "signed by Queen Victoria" (177).

3205 Unnamed Women of Jackson

The "Jackson women" who in Requiem for a Nun sponsor the three-day "Kermis Ball" to raise money for a Confederate monument in 1887 may belong to an early version of a group like the United Daughters of the Confederacy (87). The term "kermis" refers to an outdoor festival.

3204 Unnamed Wife of Cashier

The "childless wife" of the bank cashier who beats Nancy is only mentioned in Requiem for a Nun.

3203 Unnamed Visitors

In Requiem for a Nun, these people are the "kin or friends or acquaintances" of the "outlanders" who move to Jefferson after World War II; they are described as visiting "from the East or North or California" on their way "to New Orleans or Florida" (196).

3202 Unnamed U.D.C. Ladies

"The U.D.C. ladies" who "instigated and bought" the Confederate statue that stands at the center of Jefferson in Requiem for a Nun are members of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, an organization of Southern women that was founded in 1894 in Nashville, Tennessee (188). Members actively served the 'Lost Cause' of the Old South and the Confederacy by sponsoring the construction of monuments, lobbying boards of education, and so on.

3201 Unnamed Trial Spectators 2

These are "the invisible spectators" in the courtroom who "gasp" at Nancy's response upon being given the death sentence at the start of Act I in Requiem for a Nun (41). The play's second scene makes it clear that Temple and Gowan Stevens are among those present, but from the text's only description of the spectators - they are "invisible" - we cannot say that for sure.

3200 Unnamed Three Frenchmen

One of the "three Frenchmen" mentioned in Requiem for a Nun traveling down the Mississippi River in "a Chippeway canoe" is almost certainly René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, the 17th-century French explorer credited with discovering the river and claiming it and all the territory it drained for France (81). But it's not clear why Faulkner associates him specifically with two other Frenchmen. The actual party of Frenchmen and French-Canadians who, along with a group of Canadian Indians, traveled downriver to the Gulf of Mexico in 1682-1683 was much larger.

3199 Unnamed Steamboat Captain

The history of Jackson in Requiem for a Nun includes a mention of "the captain" of a riverboat who puts a "gambler" off his ship (83). Steamboats began traveling on the Mississippi River and its tributaries around 1811.

3198 Unnamed Spanish-American War Soldiers

Describing the unveiling of Jefferson's Confederate monument in 1900, Requiem for a Nun notes that "sons" of the "old men in gray" who attend the ceremony "had already died in blue coats in Cuba" - i.e. were young men from Yoknapatawpha who died serving in the U.S. Army during the Spanish-American War (189).

3197 Unnamed Spaniards

According to the history of Jackson in Requiem for a Nun, not long after the Mississippi River was explored to its mouth, "a thousand Spaniards come overland from the Atlantic Ocean"; over the next period of time "the Spaniard" alternates with "the Frenchman" as the main inhabitant of the place (81). Historically, this land was claimed and ruled over by Spain several different times between the 1540s and the later 18th century.

3196 Unnamed Southern "Aristocrats"

The cotton economy created what Requiem for a Nun calls "its own parasitic aristocracy," which includes "merchants and bankers" and "lawyers" as well as the planters who live "behind the columned porticoes of the plantation houses" (179).

3195 Unnamed Sons of Cecilia Farmer

After the Civil War and her marriage in Requiem for a Nun, Cecilia (nee Farmer) becomes "the farmless mother of farmers (she would bear a dozen, all boys . . . ), bequeathing to them in their matronymic the heritage of that invincible inviolable ineptitude" (203).

3194 Unnamed Slaves in Jackson

Requiem for a Nun mentions the "Negro slaves" who belonged to the men who settled the territory around what became Jackson (82), but as is also the case with most of the "slaves" in Yoknapatawpha it mentions, these enslaved people are not described in any way.

3193 Unnamed Slave Owners

According to the history of Jackson in Requiem for a Nun, the "Anglo-Saxon pioneer" (81) was followed by wealthier settlers who built the "river towns" like Vicksburg and Natchez, "men with mouths full of law, in broadcloth and flowered waistcoats, who owned Negro slaves and Empire beds" (82). Included in this group is the first planter to grow cotton in the region - "someone brought a curious seed into the land . . . and now vast fields of white" covered the land (83).

3192 Unnamed Slave of German Blacksmith

In Requiem for a Nun the slave "belonging to the German blacksmith" is one of the men who help to build the courthouse (24).

3191 Unnamed Sexual Partners of Nancy

In the last act of Requiem for a Nun Nancy tells Temple and Gavin that "any of them" might have been the father of the child she lost (219). "Them" refers to the various men she has had sex with, as both a woman and a prostitute.

3190 Unnamed Early Settlers

At various points in its prose history of Yoknapatawpha and Jefferson, Requiem for a Nun refers to the settlers who followed the frontier pioneers into the new land. There is some overlap in its representation of this group, and in the terms - frontier, pioneer - used to categorize them.

3189 Unnamed Salesgirls in Memphis

In her account of her confinement in Memphis in Requiem for a Nun, Temple mentions that the perfume and clothes Popeye bought for her were selected by "salesgirls" (112).

3188 Unnamed Riverboat Gambler

According to the history of Jackson recounted in Requiem for a Nun, as the territory became more settled, the "steamboat gambler" replaced the keelboatman as "the river hero" (83). Since the gambler is only seen being put off the steamboat and "marooned" on a small island, the term "hero" is presumably freighted with irony (83).

3187 Unnamed Returning Confederates

The group of Confederate veterans who are in Yoknapatawpha after they finish active service includes the soldiers who were wounded in "the battle of Jefferson" (183), the men who were cut off from other Confederate forces during the last year of the Civil War, and "the men of '65," the men who fought until the surrender at Appomattox ended the war and left them to "find themselves alien" in the land they had been fighting for after they make their way back to it (184).

3186 Unnamed Reader

Near the end of the third prose section of Requiem for a Nun, the narrator looks up from the story he is telling to address the reader directly as "you" (198). He identifies the reader as "a stranger, an outlander say from the East or the North or the Far West" (198), and speculates that "you" may be college educated, or "perhaps even" have an graduate degree from "Harvard or Northwestern or Stanford" (205). This second person plays a significant if rhetorical role in the way the history of Yoknapatawpha is ultimately evoked.

3185 Unnamed Performers on Radio

The representation of modernity in Requiem for a Nun includes "the boom and ululance of radio," represented by the voices that are heard on it: "the patter of comedians, the baritone screams of female vocalists" (192).

3184 Unnamed Negro Preacher 2

Tubbs, the jailor, tells Nancy that he has "found that preacher" she requested (221). He never appears in Requiem for a Nun, but it's safe to assume that he will be with her when she is executed - after sundown on the day play within the novel ends.

3183 Unnamed Modern Planter

In Requiem for a Nun this 20th-century "planter" is a generic figure whose fate suggests the kinds of changes that have occurred in Yoknapatawpha: where once he had slaves and then tenants to work his fields, after his "son" is drafted in the second World War it is the planter himself who does that, riding "on the seat of his tractor" (193).

3182 Unnamed Participants in Nancy's Trial

In the play's first scene in Requiem for a Nun, "a section of the court" is represented on stage, and the stage directions list "the judge, officers, the opposing lawyers, the jury" (39). The "judge" and one of the officers - the bailiff - speak in the scene, and so have their own Character entries. This entry represents the other men referred to, though it's unlikely that any production of the play would cast actors to represent the "opposing lawyers" or "the jury" on stage.

3181 Unnamed New Settlers

According to the history of Jefferson provided by Requiem for a Nun, soon after the first whites arrive in Yoknapatawpha come these "new" settlers: "new names and faces too in the settlement now - faces so new as to have (to the older residents) no discernible antecedents other than mammalinity nor past other than the simple years which had scored them" (12).

3180 Unnamed Negro Who Kicks Nancy

All we know about referred to in Requiem for a Nun as "the man who kicked" Nancy and caused her miscarriage is that he might have been the unborn child's father (219). Because the assault happened at "a picnic or dance or frolic or fight" and Nancy would not have been allowed to attend a gathering of whites, we are assuming this man is black (219).

3179 Unnamed Negro Residents of Jefferson

There are only a few references in Requiem for a Nun to the black population of Jefferson. The narrative qualifies its representation of progress ("there were electric lights and running water in almost every house in town") by noting an exception - "except the cabins of Negroes" (189). It is also clearly implied in a later passage that those cabins lacked screens to keep the bugs out (190).

3178 Unnamed Negro Leaders

According to the narrator of Requiem for a Nun, "Negro leaders developed by" the several Negro colleges that were established in Jackson after Emancipation "intervened" in some way when Federal troops drove Governor Humphreys out of office "in 1868" (87).

3177 Unnamed Negro Iceman

Although Requiem for a Nun refers to him as "the Negro driver," the man who delivers ice around Jefferson in a wagon is probably more accurately described as an iceman. (Electric refrigerators did not become common household appliances in the U.S. until the 1930s.)

3176 Unnamed Mound Builders

The narrator of Requiem for a Nun begins his history of the city of Jackson in the distant past, which includes the "nameless though recorded predecessors [of the Choctaw and Chickasaw peoples] who built the mounds" (81). Conventionally referred to by historians and anthropologists as 'the mound builders,' these prehistoric peoples may have inhabited the continent for upwards of five thousand years. Many of their mounds still remain on the landscape of Mississippi.

3175 Unnamed Mohammedan Prince

This "Mohammedan" prince - one of the most exotic characters in the Yoknapatawpha fictions - never appears in Requiem for a Nun, but he is mentioned as the man who built the "hideway" in the south of France where Temple Drake and Gowan Stevens take their honeymoon (112).

3174 Unnamed Mississippi Legislators 1

According to account of the development of Mississippi from wilderness to civilization in Requiem for a Nun, "the politicians" follow the "land speculators" (172). The novel's history of the place that became Jackson more specifically notes the role the legislature played in creating a new state capital after the Mississippi territory achieved statehood in 1817, though it also notes, wryly, how at various later moments "the Senate" and "the House" alternately sought to change the location (85-86).

3173 Unnamed Mississippi Indians 2

Requiem for a Nun lists five Indian tribes as the groups who "dispossessed" the aboriginal mound builders in Mississippi: the Algonquian, the Chickasaw, the Choctaw, the Natchez and the Pascagoula (81). The Algonquian language group was large and widespread, but found almost entirely in Canada and nowhere near Mississippi, so their presence on the list is surprising.

3172 Unnamed Militia Band

In "A Name for the City" and again in Requiem for a Nun these militia men are "part of a general muster at the settlement . . . for a Fourth of July barbeque" (201, 5). Like stereotypical frontiersmen, they are soon "ejected" from town for their "drunken brawling" (201, 5-6). After running into and capturing a gang of bandits, they return to the settlement in hopes of claiming a reward; instead, they are eventually locked up with the outlaws they had captured.

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