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Code title biography
2910 Judge Maycox

In Intruder in the Dust Maycox is the local judge whom Gavin Stevens says will have to "issue an order" to exhume the body in Vinson Gowrie's grave (107), but Sheriff Hampton realizes that won't be necessary.

2909 Mrs. Lilley

Mr. Lilley's wife does not appear in Intruder in the Dust, but he cites her - "my wife aint feeling good tonight" - when he explains to Gavin why he isn't going to the Square to join the lynch mob (47).

2908 Mr. Lilley

A "countryman" who only moved to Jefferson within the year, Mr. Lilley owns "a small shabby side street grocery whose customers were mostly Negroes" (46). In Intruder in the Dust he tells Gavin that if a lynch party needs any help, to let him know.

2907 General Kemper

The "Kemper" mentioned in Intruder in the Dust is General James Kemper (190). His Confederate brigade was part of Pickett's division in the famous charge on the last day of the battle of Gettysburg. He was seriously wounded during the attack, and carried the bullet that struck him for the rest of his life.

2906 Willy Ingrum

Jefferson's daytime marshal in Intruder in the Dust, charged with helping the sheriff maintain order in the town. Among his duties is directing traffic so that the town's white school children can safely "cross the street" (133). His last name points to the fact that he is "a Beat Four Ingrum come to town as the apostate sons of Beat Four occasionally did" (133).

2905 Jim Halladay

In other Yoknapatawpha fictions Gavin Stevens is the elected "County Attorney" who prosecutes even murder cases, but in Intruder in the Dust Gavin says that Lucas' trial will be handled by a "District Attorney": "it's the District Attorney that'll hang you or send you to [prison]," he warns Lucas (58), and this D.A. doesn't live "within fifty miles of Yoknapatawpha" (63). He is presumably referring to the man he later identifies by name as Jim Halladay, who works out of a town or city called Harrisburg, which is "sixty miles" from Jefferson (107).

2904 Worsham|Habersham, Father of Belle|Eunice

This character's name reflects what is probably just be Faulkner's forgetfulness about recurring characters, though he may have had a reason for over-writing the Worshams with the Habershams between 1942 and 1948. In any case, the character named Belle Worsham in Go Down, Moses is the daughter of a man who left her a "decaying house" in Jefferson (260, 356); the same character is named Eunice Habersham in Intruder in the Dust, where the narrative points out that the house she lives in "had not been painted since her father died" (74).

2903 Vinson Gowrie

Vinson, the 28-year-old white man whose murder launches Intruder in the Dust, is the youngest of Nub and Amanda Gowrie's six sons. The only one "with an aptitude for trading and for money," he can write checks that the local banks will honor and is "said to own several small parcels" of Yoknapatawpha farmland (162). The business he is engaged in at the time of his death is harvesting timber in partnership with his brother Crawford.

2902 Forrest Gowrie

The oldest of Nub Gowrie's six sons in Intruder in the Dust. Twenty years ago he "wrenched himself free" of his father, got married and became the manager of a cotton plantation near Vicksburg, Mississippi (160).

2901 Crawford Gowrie

Crawford Gowrie, the intruder behind the title of Intruder in the Dust, never directly appears in the narrative, but the details of his biography are memorable. Second of Hub Gowrie's six sons, he deserted from the U.S. Army on the day before World War I ended, hid for eighteen months "in a series of caves and tunnels in the hills" of Yoknapatawpha, was captured after a gunfight with authorities, served a year in prison, worked out of Memphis either as a rum-runner or a strike-breaker, then returned to Beat Four, reportedly to "more or less settle down" (161).

2900 Bryan Gowrie

In Intruder in the Dust Bryan is the third of Hub Gowrie's six sons, Bryan is the one who runs the "family farm which fed them all" (161).

2899 Vardaman Gowrie

Vardaman Gowrie and his brother Bilbo are identical twins, "identical as two clothing store dummies" (159) or "two clothes pins on a line" (160). Intruder in the Dust treats them identically too. "About thirty, a head taller than their father," their faces are "surly quick-tempered and calm" (160), though they act together with energy in the search for their murdered brother's body.

2898 Bilbo Gowrie

In Intruder in the Dust Bilbo Gowrie and his brother Vardaman are identical twins, "identical as two clothing store dummies" (159) or "two clothes pins on a line" (160). The novel consistently treats them identically too. "About thirty, a head taller than their father," their faces are "surly quick-tempered and calm" (160), though they act together with energy in the search for their murdered brother's body.

2897 General Garnett

The "Garnett" referred to by Gavin in Intruder in the Dust in his nostalgic reference to the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg is General Richard Garnett, whose Confederate brigade led Pickett's disastrous charge against the center of the Union lines (190). He was trying to compensate for a stain on his military record when, feverish and injured, he insisted on leading his men from the front, on horseback. He was killed just before reaching the enemy lines.

2896 Amanda Workitt Gowrie

Mrs. Gowrie, born Amanda Workitt, is Nub's wife and the mother of his six sons in Intruder in the Dust. She is buried in the cemetery next to Caledonia chapel, and from her headstone we learn that she was born in 1878 and died in 1926 (99). That is all the novel explicitly says about her, but "Workitt" appears in the novel on the list of the most common family names in Beat Four (28).

2895 Doyle Fraser

In Intruder in the Dust Doyle Fraser is "a youngish active man" (20) who works as a clerk in the country store owned by his father, Adam Fraser. Doyle steps in to prevent a white man from attacking Lucas with a plow singletree.

2894 Adam Fraser

In Intruder in the Dust Adam Fraser owns the "crossroads store" (18) near the scene of Vinson Gowrie's murder. Apparently he helps Constable Skipworth keep Lucas safe from harm until the sheriff can arrest him; that seems to be what Gavin means when he tells Lucas he was likely to come to grief "old Skipworth and Adam Fraser or not" (222).

2893 Ephriam

In Intruder in the Dust Chick recalls Ephriam, Paralee's father, "an old man, a widower," living in her cabin and walking the roads at night: "not going anywhere, just moving, at times five and six miles from town before he would return at dawn to doze and wake all day" in a rocking chair (61). By consulting a white fortune-teller, Ephriam finds out where Maggie Mallison's lost ring can be found (69). And like Tomey's Turl in the short story "Was," he knows that it's "womens and children" who are best at getting uncommon things done (70).

2892 Mrs. Downs

In Intruder in the Dust Mrs. Downs is "an old white woman who lived alone in a small filthy shoebox of a house . . . in a settlement of Negro houses," and makes her living telling fortunes, curing hexes and finding lost objects for African American customers (69). She is perhaps the same as, or is at least very similar to the "half-crazed" woman who appears in Sanctuary.

2891 Armstead

The Confederate officer Faulkner calls "Armstead" in Intruder in the Dust (190) is undoubtedly Lewis Armistead, who commanded one of the brigades in Pickett's division that led the famous charge against the Yankee army on the last day of the battle of Gettysburg. Armistead along with some of his unit advanced further in that attack than any other rebels; he was mortally wounded just as he reached the stone wall that marked the Union lines.

2890 Top

As Charles Mallison notes in The Town, "he was Guster's boy and his father was named Top too so they called him Big Top and Top Little Top" (55). Charles however always calls him "Top" in the few places where he appears. He and Gowan Stevens try to help Gavin by setting a trap for De Spain's car.

2889 Big Top

In The Town Big Top is Guster's husband and father to Aleck Sander and Little Top. Only his name appears in the narrative (55).

2888 Unnamed Young Chickasaw Men

The group of "young men" who are attracted to Herman Basket's sister in "A Courtship" includes, but is by no means limited to, Owl-by-Night and Sylvester's John (363). Without exception, these would-be suitors "look away" from her once Ikkemotubbe's interest becomes known (363). They even help him in his efforts to attract her attention. At the end of the story, at least some of these "young men" leave the plantation on the steamboat with David Hogganbeck and Ikkemotubbe (380), but the text does not say how far they go.

2887 Unnamed Wife of David Colbert

In "A Courtship," this woman is the great-aunt of the second cousin of Herman Basket's aunt (363). As the wife of the "chief Man of the Chickasaws" (365), she would have a lot of status. From her, Herman Basket's aunt acquires both a "silver wine pitcher" (363) and a belief in her own family's superiority.

2886 Unnamed Whisky-Trader 2

In "A Courtship" the "whisky-trader" who apparently makes regular visits to the Chickasaws brings the whiskey on which the tribe's young men get Log-in-the-Creek drunk (364). What he trades his whiskey for is not specified.

2885 Unnamed Uncle of Herman Basket

"Dead" before "A Courtship" begins, this man is mentioned as the original owner of the "shotgun" that Herman Basket's aunt threatens to use on her niece's suitors (368).

2884 Unnamed Ten-Year-Old Chickasaw Boy

In "A Courtship," before Ikkemotubbe and David Hogganbeck's eating contest begins, this "ten-year-old boy" runs around the race-track once, to give the contestants a chance to recover their breath (372).

2883 Unnamed Sister of Herman Basket

The phrase the narrator of "A Courtship" uses to describe Herman Basket's sister - "she walks in beauty" - sounds faintly 'Indian' but is actually borrowed from Lord Byron (362). Or "sat in it, that is," he adds - which sounds pretty risque, though becomes less so when he adds that she doesn't walk at all "unless she had to" (362). Like Eula Varner in Faulkner's Snopes trilogy, she is lazy and slovenly but exercises an irresistible power over all the men who see her. While she is at the center of the story's courtship plot, she does not actually speak a single word in it.

2882 Unnamed Second Cousin of Herman Basket's Aunt

The "second cousin" of Herman Basket's aunt is also the "grand-niece of the wife of old David Colbert" (363, 365). She does not appear in "A Courtship," but the "silver wine pitcher" she bequeathed her second cousin does (363).

2881 Unnamed Father of Narrator 2

The father of the Chickasaw Indian who narrates "A Courtship" advises Ikkemotubbe about the best strategy for courting Herman Basket's sister, and helps Owl-by-Night look for Ikkemotubbe's horse. Along with "the young men," he also stokes the fire in the steamboat at the end of the story (380), which leaves open a possibility that the text never develops: perhaps like Ikkemotubbe, the narrator's father "went away" from the plantation (362).

2880 Unnamed Slaves of Indians 6

A number of Mississippi Indians did own slaves, and in "Red Leaves" and "A Justice," Faulkner's other Indian stories, he explores this theme in detail. In "A Courtship," however, it only appears in the narrator's brief mention of the black people whom Ikkemotubbe brings with him when he returns to the plantation three years after the story's main events: the "eight new slaves which we did not need" (363), later referred to as "the eight more slaves which we had no use for" (379).

2879 Unnamed Enslaved Boy 3

The "boy slave who turned the wheel" is the steersman on Studenmare's steamboat (366). His age is not given, but the narrator of "A Courtship" notes that he is "not much more than half as big as Captain Studenmare" (366).

2878 Unnamed Aunt of Herman Basket

The unnamed aunt whom Herman Basket and his sister live with in "A Courtship" seems to be their surrogate parent; the other Chickasaw often hear her voice when it is raised to scold her niece's laziness. She is also actively involved in her niece's courtship. It is to ingratiate himself and his cause with her that Ikkemotubbe sends a pony and his gamecocks as gifts, and when the suitors won't behave she does not hesitate to threaten them with a shotgun. She feels that her family is superior to "Issetibbeha's whole family" (365).

2877 Sylvester's John

Although his name evokes the way enslaved Negroes were often named, Sylvester's John is actually one of the young Chickasaw men who are interested in Herman Basket's sister in "A Courtship" - until it becomes clear that Ikkemotubbe wants her. After that, he is one of the young men who willingly help Ikkemotubbe's courtship.

2876 Captain Studenmare

In "A Courtship," Captain Studenmare is the owner of the steamboat that visits the Chickasaw plantation annually. He depends upon another man, David Hogganbeck, to pilot it. After he fires Hogganbeck for dereliction, he is forced to return to Natchez overland with his "steamboat slaves," the enslaved Negroes who do the physical work on board the ship (378).

2875 Log-in-the-Creek

In "A Courtship," Log-in-the-Creek is the only one of the Chickasaw young men who does not stop courting Herman Basket's sister after Ikkemotubbe's interest in her becomes known. His unheroic name seems to fit his apparently negligible character: he cannot hold his liquor, and he "raced no horses and fought no cocks and cast no dice" (364).

2874 David Hogganbeck

The character David Hogganbeck in "A Courtship" evokes the heroes of American tall tales about the frontier. "Bigger than any two" of the Chickasaw men "put together" (366), he is a skilled steamboat pilot, an accomplished fiddle player, a formidable opponent in eating, drinking and dancing competitions, and Ikkemotubbe's chivalrous rival for the hand of Herman Basket's sister. For her love he is willing to throw off his job, and for his Indian rival he is willing to lose his life.

2873 David Colbert

The character whom the narrator of "A Courtship" refers to twice as "old David Colbert" (365, 374) is presumably based on a real historical figure, Levi Colbert. The son of white father from North Carolina and a Chickasaw mother, he grew up among the Indians. Among the real Chickasaws (unlike Faulkner's) kinship was defined in matrilineal terms, and through his mother's lineage and his own accomplishments Colbert eventually became head chief of the Chickasaw nation - or as the story says about "David," "the chief Man of all the Chickasaws in our section" (365).

2872 Mr. Workman

In "An Error in Chemistry" Mr. Workman is an insurance adjuster from the Memphis office of the company that wrote a life insurance policy on Ellie. He is dressed in "neat city clothes" (126), and speaks with a "cold" voice, yet is described as being in "a sort of seething boil" about the shooting (126). Suspecting something after meeting with "Old Man Pritchel" in person (126), he goes out of his way to tell the sheriff about the imminent sale of the Pritchel farm.

2871 Unnamed Three Northern Men

In "An Error in Chemistry" these three men from an unidentified place in the North want to buy Wesley Pritchel's farm in order to use the clay from the clay-pit to "manufacture some kind of road material" (119).

2870 Unnamed Random Boys

According to "An Error in Chemistry," "generations" of these "random boys" dug into the clay-pit on Wesley Pritchel's farm, where they found "Indian and even aboriginal relics - flint arrow-heads, axes and dishes ad skulls and thigh-bones and pipes" (119).

2869 Unnamed Members of Posse 4

In "An Error in Chemistry" the sheriff sends "Ben Berry and some others" to Joel Flint's house in case the escaped Joel Flint returns there (122). These "others" are not described in any way, though it seems as if they are not members of the sheriff's office, which is why we identify them as a kind of 'posse.'

2868 Unnamed Local Residents

In "An Error in Chemistry" these unnamed local residents are the neighbors whom Joel Flint meets and talks with most often "in the little cross-road hamlet near his home" and occasionally in "Jefferson" (114). Nothing specific is known about them as a group or individually, except that they find Flint contemptuous of their custom for drinking whiskey with sugar and water.

2867 Unnamed Archaeologists 2

In "An Error in Chemistry" a group of "archaeologists from the State University" dig up Native American relics from Pritchel's clay pit until he runs them off with a shotgun (119).

2866 Wesley Pritchel

Wesley Pritchel owns a small farm in "An Error in Chemistry." He is unhappy when his "dim-witted spinster" daughter, Ellie, marries Joel Flint, a carnival pitch man (113). Pritchel is irascible and likes to be left alone. He is murdered by Joel Flint.

2865 Mrs. Wesley Pritchel

The unnamed wife of Wesley Pritchel was the mother of four children. She is already dead when "An Error in Chemistry" begins.

2864 Pritchel, Children of Wesley

In "An Error in Chemistry," Joel Flint says during his impersonation of Wesley Pritchel that 'he' had "four children," all of whom have died (130); Joel is just mean enough to include the one he killed, Ellie, in this count. As Ellie Flint (nee Pritchel) she has her own entry in the database.

2863 Joel Flint

Joel Flint, the protean villain in "An Error in Chemistry," used to work in carnivals. At one point he was known as Signor Canova, a master of illusion. After abandoning the Canova persona, Flint started working in other circuses, serving as "bandsman, ringman, Bornean wild man" (134). Eventually, his role in traveling carnivals was as a pitch man with a "roulette wheel wired against imitation watches and pistols which would not shoot" (134).

2862 Ellie Flint

The only child of Wesley Pritchel, Ellie is a "dim-witted spinster of almost forty" (113) when she marries Joel Flint in "An Error in Chemistry." After their marriage, she farms and raises chickens in a small house built on the Pritchel farm for approximately two years until she is murdered by her husband.

2861 Bryan Ewell

In "An Error in Chemistry" Bryan Ewell is a deputy sheriff whom the sheriff orders to guard Wesley Pritchel's house after Pritchel has locked himself in his room (122). (Bryan may be related to Walter Ewell, who appears in six other fictions, but there is no mention of any relationship.)

2860 Ben Berry

In "An Error in Chemistry" Ben Berry is a Deputy Sheriff. Sheriff Hub sends him to keep an eye on the Flints' house in case Joel Flint returns there after escaping from the local jail cell. He loses his "spectacles in the woods" during the pursuit, and so can't read an important clue to the killer's identity (123).

2859 Roscius

In Go Down, Moses Roscius (spelled "Roskus" by Buck McCaslin in the plantation ledger, 252) is one of the slaves that "Carothers McCaslin inherited" and brought with him to Yoknapatawpha from Carolina (249). He is the husband of Phoebe (spelled "Fibby" in the ledger, 252), and was like her manumitted when Old Carothers died in 1837. According to the ledger, despite being free he "Dont want to leave," and he remains on the plantation until his death four years later (252).

2858 Dilsey's Family

Dilsey, her daughter Frony, her son TP, and her grandson Luster have separate entries in the "Appendix Compson" and in our database. This entry, however, represents the collective group referred to in the "Appendix" as "Dilsey's family," who lived as a group in the "one servant's cabin" left on the Compson property (330). If Faulkner is thinking of the "family" as he depicts it in The Sound and the Fury and "That Evening Sun," it also includes Dilsey's husband, Roskus, and another son, Versh.

2857 Unnamed Enslaved People 3

There are two references in "Appendix Compson" to the slaves who lived in Yoknapatawpha before the Civil War. The term "slaves" appears only in reference to the "shiftless slaves" owned by the descendants of the Chickasaw tribe who remain in the region after the Indian Removal (329). But the Compson family, like the other "masters of plantations" in Yoknapatawpha, owned a number of slaves as well (328).

2856 Unnamed American Soldier 2

In "Appendix Compson," this soldier is described as merely "a shape (a man in khaki)," as seen through Melissa Meek's tear-filled eyes (337). But he picks her up and installs her in a seat when she is overwhelmed by the crowds at the Memphis bus station. Although he is presumably part of the crowd of "soldiers and sailors enroute either to leave or to death" in the Second World War (337), Faulkner reasserts the humanity of those that make up the crowd through this soldier's stateside actions.

2855 Unnamed Secessionists

The unnamed secessionists with whom Charles Stuart Compson is associated in "Appendix Compson" endeavored to "secede the whole Mississippi Valley from the United States and join it to Spain" (327). The plotters are headed by General James Wilkinson, whose real-life attempts to sell land to Spain were backed by a number of prominent Kentuckians.

2854 Unnamed Carpetbagger from New England

The derisive term "carpetbagger" (derived from the material used to make cheap luggage) refers to Northerners who came into the South after the Civil War; depending on one's politics, they came either to reconstruct or to prey on the defeated South. Faulkner's carpetbaggers tend toward economic, rather than political, influence in Jefferson. In "Appendix Compson," the demands of this "New England carpetbagger" against the Compson estate prompt Jason to sell off small sections of his land, thus enabling the Snopeses to "encroach" on his holdings (329).

2853 Unnamed Marshals of Napoleon

"Napoleon's marshals," otherwise known as the Marshals of the Empire, are characterized in "Appendix Compson" as a "glittering galaxy of knightly blackguards" (325). Napoleon reinstated the rank of marshal, the highest military rank in France, in 1804, and appointed 26 marshals, 18 of them in one month. These men were notable for reflecting his own preferences, rather than for having reached a given level of accomplishment. Nearly all lived luxurious lifestyles, at least in part due to their newly elevated status.

2852 Unnamed King 2

The "English king" against whom Quentin MacLachan Compson fights in "Appendix Compson" (326) was George II, notable here for putting an end to the Jacobite rebellions regarding succession to the British crown. Compson's homeland in Scotland, Culloden Moor, was the site of the last major Jacobite uprising. After being defeated there by George II's son, many of the Jacobites were executed or (like the first American Compson) fled the country.

2851 Unnamed King 1

The "dispossessed" king for whom in "Appendix Compson" the grandfather of the first Compson in Yoknapatawpha fought (325) is Charles Edward Stuart, who spent most of his life in exile but claimed to be the rightful king of Britain as part of the Jacobite line of Catholic monarchs. His hope of claiming the throne ended in 1746, when the Jacobites were defeated in a final battle in Scotland. Charles himself is perhaps best remembered for a romantic escape through the Scottish countryside after that loss.

2850 Unnamed Jewish Manufacturers

The narrator of "Appendix Compson" refers to "the Jew owners of Chicago and New York sweatshops" who manufacture the "fine bright cheap intransigent clothes" that TP wears (343). The stereotypical assumptions about exploitative urban "Jews" betrays a streak of antisemitism that certainly recalls Jason Compson's ethnic prejudices in The Sound and the Fury but that is somewhat shocking in the post-World War Two era of the "Appendix."

2849 Unnamed Jefferson Police

The officers of the law in Jason Compson IV's entry in "Appendix Compson" are described from the anxious perspective of his own criminality: when his niece takes the money he's been embezzling, he cannot turn to them for help recovering it without admitting more of his affairs than he cares to, and yet he chafes at paying for a police force that he characterizes as existing in "parasitic and sadistic idleness" (342).

2848 Unnamed Jefferson Ladies 4

These "wives of the bankers and doctors and lawyers" of Jefferson in "Appendix Compson"- including some who were part of the "old highschool class" with Melissa Meek and Caddy Compson - are very concerned to appear respectable: they keep the racier modern romance novels they check out of the town library "carefully wrapped from view in sheets of Memphis and Jackson newspapers" (333).

2847 Unnamed Indians in Oklahoma

The Chickasaw were one of several tribes that were displaced by President Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830. In "Appendix Compson," Faulkner indicates the enduring consequences of that removal, referring to the Chickasaw people in Oklahoma as "the homeless descendants of the dispossessed" (326).

2846 Unnamed Illegitimate Children 2

The "foals" referred to in the description of the passengers in the Memphis bus station in "Appendix Compson" are the illegitimate children conceived during wartime relationships between "homeless young women" and migratory men in the military (337). These children are described as being abandoned in "charity wards or policestations" (337).

2845 Unnamed High School Students

In "Appendix Compson" these "highschool juniors and seniors" are described from the perspective of Melissa Meek, who emphasizes both their great height relative to her own petite stature and also their seemingly relentless desire to thwart her moderate attempts at book censure (333).

2844 Unnamed German General

The "handsome lean man of middleage in the ribbons and tabs of a German staffgeneral" who is seen in a photograph in "Appendix Compson" is presumably Caddy's lover during World War II (334). He and that relationship are further characterized by the photo's luxurious background: "a Cannebiere backdrop of mountains and palms and cypresses and the sea, an open powerful expensive chromiumtrimmed sports car," all of which are featured in "a slick magazine - a picture filled with luxury and money and sunlight" (334).

2843 Unnamed Feedstore Customers

These "overalled men" in "Appendix Compson" are customers at the farmers' supply store where Jason IV owns a business buying and selling cotton (334). Although the customers are explicitly male, since the store is a "gloomy cavern which only men ever entered" (333), their race is not so clearly defined; the narrative indicates that the store serves "Mississippi farmers or at least Negro Mississippi farmers" (334), indicating that many, if not most of the customers are African-American.

2842 Unnamed Family of Quentin MacLachan Compson's Mother

Quentin MacLachan Compson's mother's family lives in the Scottish highlands at Perth, and raise him there after her death.

2841 Unnamed District Chancellor

In "Appendix Compson," this district Chancellor annually reviews the financial reports submitted by Jason Compson as the "guardian and trustee" of his niece (342).

2840 Unnamed Chickasaw Descendants in Mississippi 2

As noted in "Appendix Compson," "Ikkemotubbe's descendants and people" - the tribe of Chickasaw Indians that originally lived in Yoknapatawpha - are "gone" after being 'removed' by the U.S. government (328), but the descendants of the Indians who married Negroes remain, though the "wild blood" on their Indian ancestry appears "only occasionally in the noseshape of a Negro on a cottonwagon" (329).

2839 Unnamed Chickasaw Descendants in Mississippi 1

The descendants of Ikkemotubbe's Chickasaws who remain after the Removal eventually disappear too, but that does not mean that there are no living men or women with Chickasaw blood. The narrative indicates that those who still carry Chickasaw blood are "living not as warriors and hunters but as white men - as shiftless farmers or, here and there, the masters of what they too called plantations" (328).

2838 Unnamed Bus Passengers

When Melissa Meek gets there in "Appendix Compson," the bus station in Memphis is filled with "a few middleaged civilians but mostly soldiers and sailors enroute either to leave or to death and the homeless young women, their companions" (337).

2837 Unnamed Boardinghouse Owner

In "Appendix Compson" the owner of the boardinghouse that used to be the Compson family home is a "countryman," which in this context refers to a rural person as opposed to someone from town (331).

2836 Melissa Meek

In "Appendix Compson," Melissa Meek is the "county librarian, a mouse-sized and -colored woman who had never married," and also a former classmate of Caddy Compson who sees a photo of her in occupied France (333). Attempting to "save" Caddy enables Meek to transcend the characterization of her name, her profession, and her lifelong habits (335). Sporting "two feverish spots of determination in her ordinarily colorless cheeks" (333), she enters the feedstore where Jason IV works and where "only men ever entered," and she speaks to him, despite having refused to do so for many years.

2835 Napoleon

Napoleon Bonaparte rose to prominence in France during the French Revolution. In 1804 he proclaimed himself Emperor, and undertook to wage a series of wars in order to achieve dominion over Europe. The allusion to him at the beginning of "Appendix Compson" serves as a template for several of the characters Faulkner will create: dictatorial leaders driven to expand their holdings at all costs.

2834 Thorne Smith

Thorne Smith wrote wildly popular fantasy novels that were known for their provocative illustrations and plots that include much drinking, sex, and humor. According to "Appendix Compson," the "wives of the bankers and doctors and lawyers" in Faulkner's Jefferson hide the copies of Smith's books that they borrow from and return to the library "carefully wrapped" inside newspapers (333).

2833 Sir Banastre Tarleton

The British commander that Charles Stuart Compson fought under in the "Appendix Compson" (326), Banastre Tarleton, was known in England as an outstanding military leader during the Revolutionary War, which he joined at the age of 21. In America, however, Tarleton had a reputation for savagery on the field; he and his men participated in the capture of Charleston, and later became infamous for what Americans called the "Waxhaws Massacre" in South Carolina in 1780.

3312 Snopeses

There are more Snopeses in the fictions than any other family. Over 60 named members of the family have their own entries in our database.

2832 Daniel Boone

The "Boon or Boone" mentioned twice in the "Appendix Compsons" is most famous for exploring and settling what was then part of Virginia, and what is now Kentucky, creating a route through the Cumberland Gap in the Appalachian Mountains that many settlers would later follow. The settlement referred to in the text is probably Boonesborough, one of the first settlements west of the Appalachians.

2831 Unnamed Women of Yoknapatawpha

The narrator of "Shall Not Perish" remarks "that any woman in Frenchman's Bend and I reckon in the rest of the county too could have described" De Spain's parlor (106).

2830 Unnamed Old Testament Prophets

The narrator of "Shall Not Perish" mentions "the old fathers in Genesis and Exodus that talked face to face with God" (111), the patriarchs like Abraham and Moses, as a reference point for the age of his father's Grandfather.

2829 Unnamed Museum Visitors

These men and women in "Shall Not Perish" visit the museum in Jefferson "without charge" (111). The narrator says they are "people like us from Frenchman's Bend," by which he seems to mean poor farmers and their families, from "our county or beyond our state too" (111).

2828 Unnamed Founder of Museum

The narrator of "Shall Not Perish" mentions "an old lady born and raised in Jefferson who died rich somewhere in the North and left some money to the town to build a museum with" (110). Faulkner likely based this character upon the historical figure Mary Buie, an artist who died in 1937 and left her estate to Oxford. The town opened the Buie Museum in 1939, four years before the publication of "Shall Not Perish."

2827 Unnamed Men Who Borrow Money

The narrator on "Shall Not Perish" speculates about "the men who would come to Major de Spain after bank-hours or on Sunday to ask to have a note extended" (106-107).

3311 Unnamed People Who Grieve

Thinking about the local men killed in the war leads the narrator of "Shall Not Perish" to imagine "all the grieving about the earth, the rich and the poor too" (103): the people who lose loved ones in the fighting.

2826 De Spain Ancestors

In "Shall Not Perish" Major de Spain refers to his son's "forefathers [who] fought and died for [their country] then, even though what they fought and lost for was a dream" (108). "Then" is "eighty years ago," and as the word "lost" suggests, the country he is talking about was the Confederacy; these forefathers fought against the United States. (One of them would have been this Major's father, who was a Major in the Confederate Army during the Civil War.) De Spain's unreconstructed attitude explains why he covers his son's coffin with "the Confederate flag" (107).

2825 Unnamed Artists

The narrator of "Shall Not Perish" and his mother tour an art museum in Jefferson that contains "pictures from all over the United States, painted by people who loved what they had seen or where they had been born or lived enough to want to paint pictures of it so that other people could see it too" (110). These works of art, and the people who created them, fuel the Grier boy's imagination.

2824 Unnamed Americans

At the conclusion of "Shall Not Perish," the narrator identifies the group he calls "America": "the men and women who did the deeds . . . who lasted and endured. . . . I knew them too: the men and women . . . still powerful and still dangerous and still coming, North and South and East and West" (115).

2823 Unnamed American Soldiers and Sailors

In "Shall Not Perish," after Pete died, Res Grier would bring home the Memphis newspaper each time he returned from Jefferson. The Grier family would see the "pictures and names of soldiers and sailors from other counties and towns in Mississippi and Arkansas and Tennessee" who died in spring and summer of 1942 (102). While African American soldiers fought and died during World War II, it is unlikely that during this time of segregation in the South the Memphis paper would have published their pictures.

2822 Unnamed Tennessee Unionists

Describing his family history in "My Grandmother Millard," Philip Backhouse refers to the group that prevented his uncle from being elected Governor of Tennessee as "a corrupt and traitorous cabal of tavern-keepers and Republican Abolitionists" (682). Although Tennessee did secede from the Union and join the Confederacy (the last state to do so), it was deeply divided between secessionists and Unionists.

2821 Unnamed Enslaved People 2

As the progress of the Civil War brings the Union Army closer to Yoknapatawpha in "My Grandmother Millard," Lucius begins meeting with "Negroes from other plantations," presumably to talk about the possibility of emancipating themselves (669).

2820 Unnamed Plantation Mistresses

According to Ab Snopes in "My Grandmother Millard," "there aint a white lady between [Yoknapatawpha] and Memphis" who doesn't copy the strategy that Mrs. Compson used to try to protect her family's "silver" from the Yankees (676).

2819 Unnamed Newspaper Editor 2

The "Richmond Editor" mentioned in "My Grandmother Millard" is less a character than a way of locating an event: it is in his newspaper office that Jubal Early calls "Joe Wheeler" an "apostate and matricide" for fighting in the American Army during the Spanish-American War (673).

2818 Unnamed Confederate Soldier 1

In "My Grandmother Millard" Forrest tells Granny that he has placed Philip "in close arrest, with a guard with a bayonet" (694) - this is that guard.

2817 Unnamed Confederate Provost Marshal

The "provost" who arrests Philip for disobeying orders in "My Grandmother Millard" (692). In the Confederate armies, provost marshals were charged with maintaining discipline - like military police in the modern U.S. armed forces. (The second time the story refers to him, "Provost" is capitalized, 694.)

2816 Unnamed Confederate Officers 2

In "My Grandmother Millard," four officers "in their gray and braid and sabres" accompany Philip and the chaplain to the wedding at Sartoris (699). This group probably includes some of the five officers who came to Sartoris earlier with Forrest, but that is not directly said or suggested in the text.

2815 Unnamed Confederate Officers 1

These five Confederate cavalry officers accompany General Forrest when he visits the Sartoris plantation in "My Grandmother Millard." Bayard says they are "all officers," adding that "I never saw this much braid before" (691). Granny refers to them as "gentlemen," and the story confirms that when it describes how carefully they avoid "trombling even one flower bed" on the plantation lawn (691).

2814 Unnamed Confederate Chaplain

The "chaplain" who marries Philip and Melisandre in "My Grandmother Millard" is an officer serving in Forrest's troop (699).

2813 Aunt Roxanne

A slave belonging to the Compson family who is mentioned in "My Grandmother Millard." Despite her enslavement, she remains loyal to the Compsons during a moment of danger.