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Code title biography
2609 Unnamed Enslaved Messenger

The Hamlet speculates that "thirty years ago," the people at the Old Frenchman's place learned "the news of Sumter" - that the Civil War had begun - from a "courier" who might have been "a neighbor's slave," riding up to the plantation on a mule that had been "taken out of the plow" (373).

2608 Unnamed Negro Companion

This young black was Hoake McCarron's sole companion growing up. Many of Faulkner's wealthier white men had Negro companions and personal servants as boys; the way this kind of relationship plays out in The Hamlet is atypical, to say the least. When the boys are 6-8 years old, Hoake "conquers the negro with his fists in a fair fight" (150). Later he "pays the negro" at a fixed rate "for the privilege of whipping [him] . . . with a miniature riding crop" (151).

2607 Unnamed Mother-in-Law of Mink Snopes

In The Hamlet the mother of the woman who marries Mink Snopes died giving birth to her only child.

2606 Unnamed Mother of Will Varner

In The Hamlet Will Varner mentions that his "mammy" once heard an old woman explain that the way a pregnant woman can make sure she has a girl is to "show her belly to the full moon" (339). "Mammy" often implies a black woman, but in this case it seems more likely that Will is talking about his own mother. (The word occurs in a passage thick with his rural vernacular: "I mind me when" "done married and moved," "passel of boys," etc.; 339.)

2605 Unnamed Merchant|Installment People

This is "the merchant" in The Hamlet from whom Houston bought furniture on an installment plan for his new life with his new wife - though the character is unstable: a paragraph later the narrative refers to "the installment people" who don't want "to take the furniture back," as Houston requests, after that new wife dies (239). Presumably the merchant and the people are essentially the same.

2604 Unnamed Men of Frenchman's Bend

In The Hamlet there are always groups of men hanging around Frenchman's Bend's more public spaces, like Varner's various businesses or Mrs. Littlejohn's boarding house. Some members appear somewhat individualized, such as with the "man with the peach spray" (343) who discusses the horse auction and its consequences with a "second" and a "third" among the group at Varner's store, although each remains virtually indistinct, members of a communal group who interact with well-defined characters like Varner, Ratliff, Quick, Bookwright, Freeman and the various Snopeses.

2603 Unnamed Men at Whiteleaf Store 2

As Mink is being driven to jail in The Hamlet, they pass the Whiteleaf store. When the men who had been "squatting and spitting on the gallery stand suddenly up," the deputy sheriff remarks that "There are folks here too that act willing to believe their name is Houston for maybe ten or fifteen minutes anyway" (283).

2602 Unnamed Men at Whiteleaf Store 1

These men are sitting on the store porch when Ab and Ratliff drive past in The Hamlet; they may have been the ones who told Ab that "Pat Stamper was in Jefferson that day" (38).

2601 Unnamed Men at Side-Street Restaurant

While eating lunch in Jefferson, in The Hamlet, Ratliff tells these "three or four listeners" (75) about the operation he underwent in a Memphis hospital.

2600 Unnamed Memphis Doctor

In The Hamlet this doctor operates upon V.K. Ratliff, cutting the "right thing out whether by accident or design" (80).

2599 Unnamed Man with Broken Wagon

On Eck's first day alone in the blacksmith shop in The Hamlet, this man brings in his "wagon with a broken hound" for repair (72). The "hound" in question is part of the wagon's frame, rather than a dog.

2598 Unnamed Man Who Gives Directions

In The Hamlet Ratliff asks this man in Columbia, Tennessee, about "the whereabouts of his [Ratliff's] cousin," and sells him a sewing machine (61).

2597 Unnamed Magistrate

The "committing magistrate" presides over the arraignment of Mink Snopes in The Hamlet (287). (Elsewhere in the fictions characters are arraigned in front of 'Justices of the Peace,' which is another term for 'magistrate.')

2596 Unnamed Law Professors and Legal Sponsors

Following Labove's admission to the Bar in The Hamlet, these men are present at the celebration for the graduating class in a hotel dining room.

2595 Unnamed Oxford Landlady

While at the University in Oxford in The Hamlet, Labove lives in a "boarding house" owned by this landlady (129).

2594 Unnamed Kinsman of Ratliff

Part of the time Ratliff is away from Yoknapatawpha in The Hamlet is spent selling sewing machines in Tennessee; there he spends time with "a distant kinsman" - i.e. someone to whom he is distantly related - who owes him money (61).

2592 Unnamed Junk Man

Flem Snopes sells the machinery from the old blacksmith shop to "a junk man" (74). The Hamlet does not indicate whether this man is black or white.

2591 Unnamed Town Wit 2

The man in The Hamlet who makes a joke accusing Mink Snopes' wife of prostitution is described as "a town wit" (289).

2590 Unnamed Jefferson Tailor

The tailor in The Hamlet who makes Jody Varner's distinctive clothing - a "glazed collarless white shirt" fastened with "a heaving gold collar-button" and a jacket of black broadcloth (7) - is himself not described.

2589 Unnamed College Instructor

This teacher at the "agricultural college" that Labove briefly attends lurks inside the way The Hamlet describes the woman with whom Labove has an affair as "the wife of a minor instructor" (151).

2588 Unnamed Wife of College Instructor

In The Hamlet Hoake McCarron is involved in a scandal with this wife of a "minor instructor" at the agricultural college he attends (151).

2587 Unnamed Residents at Mrs. Littlejohn's

These women and (mostly) men stay at Mrs. Littlejohn's "hotel" in The Hamlet. In the Ike Snopes' narrative, Faulkner refers to them as "last night's new drummer-faces" - i.e. traveling salesmen who are staying for one night (182). While they can be classified as a group, these individuals are constantly coming and going, staying in Frenchman's Bend for variable amounts of time. Typically only men stay in Yoknapatawpha boarding houses, but in this case we know that Mrs. Armstid stays at Littlejohn's while her husband recovers.

2586 Unnamed Negro Hostler 3

In The Mansion Mink remembers that when he was younger there was a Negro in "the lot behind the Commercial Hotel" who would feed his mule for a quarter while he took the train to Memphis (313).

2585 Unnamed Negro Hostler 2

In The Town this man is hired by I.O. Snopes to lead the newly arrived mules from the depot to the lot near Mrs Hait's home.

2584 Unnamed Negro Hostler 1

In The Hamlet this hostler finds the rented horse and buggy that the drummer who was courting Eula abandoned when he fled Yoknapatawpha.

2583 Unnamed Good Samaritan

This is the "doctor or officer" - Labove, who witnesses the event in The Hamlet, "does not know" which - who attends to a dying Negro who has been shot at on "a bleak station platform" at an unnamed location (138).

2582 Unnamed Girlfriends of Eula Varner

In The Hamlet Eula associates with a small group of Frenchman's Bend girls who act as foils for her.

2581 Unnamed Galveston Brothel Madam

This is the woman whom The Hamlet refers to as the "curl-papered landlady" in El Paso who tries to prevent Jack Houston from taking the woman who becomes his common law wife away from her house - but since the woman is a prostitute and the place the landlady runs is a brothel, it seems clear that "landlady" is a euphemism for 'madam' (234).

2580 Unnamed Frenchman's Bend Family

In The Hamlet Flem boards with this family, who live "about a mile from the store," after securing his position at Varner's (64).

2579 Unnamed Former Acquaintances of Houston

After Houston returns to Yoknapatawpha in The Hamlet, he sometimes meets the "contemporaries" who remember him from the "youth" they shared, with whom he still occasionally gets together for "drinks or cards" (237).

2578 Unnamed Foreman

The foreman at the convict camp in The Hamlet gives Mink Snopes a job cutting timber.

2577 Unnamed Football Players 1

In The Hamlet Labove joins the university's football team; none of his teammates are individualized.

2576 Unnamed Football Coach

The coach of the football team in The Hamlet offers Labove housing and tuition to play on the University team.

2575 Unnamed Federal Officers

These "federal officers" would usually be called 'revenuers' (5). According to The Hamlet, as the Old Frenchman's original plantation falls into decay after the Civil War, the area that becomes known as Frenchman's Bend transforms into an enclosed back country effectively outside the reach of government authorities.

2574 Unnamed Father-in-Law of Mink Snopes

The father of the woman who marries Mink Snopes in The Hamlet is a "roaring man of about fifty"; he's a widower who has a "magnificent quadroon mistress" and the owner of timber land that he harvests using unpaid convict labor that he acquires "through political influence or bribery or whatever" from the state of Mississippi (262).

2573 Unnamed Father-in-Law of Eck Snopes

The father of Eck Snopes' first wife is unnamed, despite the fact that his "name" figures in The Hamlet. This needs explaining, and the text does try to do that. Eck's (also unnamed) wife dies sometime after the child is born, and her mother, according to Eck, began calling him "after his grandpa" - that is, presumably, her husband (295). But (as Eck 'explains') "he never had no actual name," and we never learn what his grandmother called him (295). (This is the child who eventually gets called "Wallstreet Panic Snopes.")

2572 Unnamed Father of Vynie Snopes

The father of Vynie Snopes in The Hamlet. He has never approved of her marriage to Ab Snopes. According to Ratliff, one day he "druv up in a wagon and loaded her and the furniture into it and told Ab" if he ever came back into Vynie's life, "he would shoot him" (33-34).

2571 Unnamed Father of Buggy Driver

In The Hamlet the father of one of the young men in Frenchman's Bend who courted Eula before her marriage eventually sells his son's neglected buggy to a "negro farm-hand" (165).

2570 Unnamed College Professors 3

These "five different faculty members" at the University of Mississippi are mentioned in The Hamlet as part of Labove's story: one of his jobs while studying there is building fires in their homes each morning (120). (In the novel's very next sentence the narrative mentions "the lectures" that Labove attends later in the day, but by that point the professors have disappeared from the text, 120.)

2569 Unnamed Escort

This good Samaritan in The Hamlet brings Eula home after the salesman who has been courting her took her to a dance in "a schoolhouse about eight miles away" - "and vanished" (147).

2568 Unnamed Drummer's Family

This is the "wife and family" of the unnamed drummer who courts Eula Varner in The Hamlet, though nobody in Frenchman's Bend either "knew or cared" that he was married already (148). (See Unnamed Drummer 4 in this index.)

2567 Unnamed Drover

In The Hamlet this drover tells Alison Hoake McCarron of her husband's death (150). A "drover" is someone who drives herds of cattle, from pasture to pasture or from farm to market, and so on.

2566 Unnamed Wagon Driver 4

This "driver" who passes Ike Snopes on the side of the road in The Hamlet knows Ike well enough to call him by "his name," but is not otherwise described (197).

2565 Unnamed Borrower

This "resident of the village" of Frenchman's Bend is the first of many men, white and black, to whom Flem Snopes lends money in The Hamlet (67).

2564 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmers 2

In Ratliff's account of the barn burning at De Spain's in The Hamlet, he refers to these men who are fighting the fire as "his [i.e. De Spain's] niggers" (19). That could mean they are servants, though it seems more likely that, like Ab Snopes, they are tenant farmers working other pieces of land at De Spain's.

2563 Unnamed Servants of the Prince of Darkness

In the fantasy of Flem in hell in The Hamlet, these minions - the text refers to them only as "they" and "them" (166) - carry messages between their master and Snopes. One of them is individualized as an "old fellow" who "used to dandle the Prince on his knee when the Prince was a boy" (168), but none of them are described. The dialect in which they speak is one that is conventionally associated with the lower class and the rural south: Flem's soul, they say, "wasn't no big one to begin with nohow" (166).

2562 Unnamed Customers at the Savoy Hotel

The men who stay at the Savoy Hotel where Mink's wife works in The Hamlet are described as horse-traders, jurors and insurance agents who sell to Negroes, a clientele that justifies the place's "equivocal reputation" (288). It is also rumored that some of these men pay her for sex, but that's not made explicit.

2561 Unnamed Cousin of Ratliff's Kinsman's Wife

In The Hamlet this distant kinsman's wife's cousin puts Ratliff up for the night and buys a sewing machine from him.

2560 Unnamed Bailiffs

In The Hamlet, these "three bailiffs" who work in the courthouse have to help the two officers restrain Mink Snopes after his conviction (369).

2559 Unnamed Trial Spectators 1

These are the "spectators" in The Hamlet who show up to watch the legal proceedings that result from the "Texas Sickness" - the auction of the wild ponies and its aftermath. They are described as "the men, the women, the children, sober, attentive, and neat, not in their Sunday clothes to be sure, but in the clean working garments donned that morning" (356).

2558 Unnamed Courthouse Janitor

In The Hamlet it is the courthouse janitor who "opens the court-room" for Mink Snopes' trial and, according to the narrator, could have done as good a job defending Mink his court-appointed lawyer (367).

2557 Unnamed County Officers

According to the narrator of The Hamlet, "county officers do not bother [the people of Frenchman's Bend] at all save in the heel of election years" (5). The reference is to 'peace officers,' i.e. policemen, though in Yoknapatawpha the term 'police' is rarely used to describe the county's sheriffs and deputies or the marshals in the town. The county sheriffs all are elected, which explains the last part of that quotation, but in fact the novel shows them doing their job in Frenchman's Bend, at least when Houston is murdered.

2556 Unnamed Counterman 1

In The Hamlet this man serves customers "at the counter of a small side-street restaurant" in Jefferson (74).

2555 Unnamed Negro Cotton Pickers 1

As the Sheriff and his deputies take Mink to jail in The Hamlet, they see "cotton pickers" working the fields around Whiteleaf store (283); though they are not described, it's likely that the pickers are black.

2554 Unnamed Convict Laborers

These are the prisoners in The Hamlet who had been sentenced to "south Mississippi convict camp" (244) in The Hamlet. They are hired "from the State for the price of their board and keep" (262). As convicts, they are forced to work without pay. (Convict labor was once a common part of the penal system in the South.)

2553 Unnamed Classics Professor

The University of Mississippi "classics professor" for whom Labove did menial work in The Hamlet rewarded him with "an original Horace and a Thucydides" (122).

2552 Unnamed Wife of Farmer

In The Hamlet this woman tries to discourage her husband from pursuing Ike Snopes.

2551 Unnamed People of Yoknapatawpha during Civil War

In The Hamlet Ratliff imagines how the people living in or near the Frenchman's house are drawn into the events of their time. Thus, Faulkner depicts the wealth of the antebellum plantation with the news of Sumter reaching "women swaying and pliant in hooped crinoline beneath parasols" and "the men in broadcloth riding the good horses" (373). During the first three years of the Civil War, this group is comprised virtually of women, since the men have left to fight. After "the battle of Jefferson," "there is nothing to show of that now" (373).

2550 Unnamed Children of Farmer

The children of the farmer from whom Ike Snopes steals feed in The Hamlet have grown up and gone off to pursue a wide range of different careers: "professional nurse, ward heeler, city barber, prostitute" (211).

2549 Unnamed Brother-in-Law

The brother-in-law of Labove's Oxford landlady in The Hamlet gives her sweet potatoes as a treat.

2548 Unnamed Enslaved Body Servant 3

This "body-servant" is a slave belonging to the Old Frenchman, and is described in The Hamlet as accompanying his master to the Civil War (373).

2547 Unnamed Apprentice Blacksmith

In The Hamlet this apprentice helps Trumbull and Varner's blacksmith overhaul the machinery of the cotton gin (65).

2546 Unnamed Banquet Guest

An unnamed banquet guest in The Hamlet, a "fellow neophyte" in the legal profession, invites Labove to Memphis to celebrate their achievement in graduating from law school (130).

2545 Unnamed Armed Guards

In The Hamlet these men oversee the convict laborers at the logging camp (262).

2544 Unnamed Negro Strangers

In The Hamlet these "strange negroes" are defined by their absence. According to the narrator, Negroes who are not already known in Frenchman's Bend stay out of the area, where the white population is known to be violent and hostile to them (5).

2543 Unnamed "Boys" of Frenchman's Bend

This is the group in The Hamlet whom Lump Snopes refers to as "a few of the boys" (258). They don't appear directly in the narrative, but Lump tells Mink his plan to take these young white men one night to the home of the Negro who found Mink's shotgun, and terrify him "with a couple of trace chains or maybe a little fire under his feet" in order to force him to admit, falsely, that he stole the gun (258).

2542 Mrs. Trumbull

When Trumbull moves away from Frenchman's Bend in The Hamlet, "his wife" goes with him (72).

2541 Sam

Although the narrator of The Hamlet calls the Varner's cook the "only servant of any sort in the whole district" (11), the Varner's also have a manservant. Among his jobs is carrying Eula "until she was five or six": "the negro man staggering slightly beneath his long, dangling, already indisputably female burden" (106).

2540 Rideout, Brother of Aaron

At the end of The Hamlet among the men watching Flem's wagon heading out from Varner's store toward Jefferson and speculating on what Flem's next move will be is a man who is identified only as Aaron Rideout's brother and also V.K. Ratliff's cousin (403).

2539 Ratliff, Father of V.K.

In The Hamlet Ratliff's father was a tenant farmer who at one time worked on land owned by "old man Anse Holland" next to parcel that Ab Snopes was sharecropping on (29).

2538 Prince of Darkness

The "Prince of Darkness" that Faulkner describes trying to deal with Flem Snopes in Hell is apparently the son of the original Satan, "the Prince's pa" (168). Flem gets the better of him - or maybe we mean the worse.

2537 Prince of Darkness, Father of

In The Hamlet Faulkner's imagination takes one of its most amazing flights (or perhaps descents) when he describes Flem Snopes meeting the fallen angels in Hell. Among them is this "pa" of the Prince of Darkness, and so presumably Satan himself - though Faulkner's cosmology is by no means clear (168).

2536 Old Frenchman, Son of

In The Hamlet the Old Frenchman's son has disappeared from the scene along with the rest of his family, except for a single detail: this heir to the Old Frenchman plantation - possibly accompanied by his father - rode into Jefferson in the early days of the Civil War to recruit men to the Confederate army (373).

2535 Old Frenchman, Family of

The Frenchman's Bend planter who appears in The Hamlet is elsewhere identified as Louis Grenier. His family is distinguished by the way it has disappeared completely in the years after the South lost the Civil War: "he was gone now, . . . the Frenchman, with his family" (4). In one scene late in the novel the life of the white ladies and gentlemen on the old plantation is conjured up, but there too the novel notes that "there is nothing to show of that now" (373).

2534 Hugh Mitchell

In The Hamlet this Mitchell is one of the men hanging out on the gallery in front of the Whiteleaf store.

2533 Labove, Sister of Labove

Labove's sister, the only one of his five younger siblings to be individualized, is "about ten" years old in The Hamlet; like everyone in the family, she likes to wear the football cleats he brings home (114).

2532 Labove, Father of Labove

In The Hamlet Labove's father is small time farmer in "the next county" to Yoknapatawpha (114) who sees no point in his son going to a university to become a teacher. He is "annoyed, concerned, even a little outraged that he should have deserted them with the remaining work on the crop - the picking and ginning of the cotton, the gathering and cribbing of the corn - to be done" (117).

2531 Labove, Great-Grandmother of

Labove's "incredibly old" great-grandmother in The Hamlet smokes "a foul little clay pipe" and likes wearing the football cleats he sends home because of the sound they make (114).

2530 Labove

In The Hamlet Labove is the child of a poor family in "the next county" (114). After working his way through the University of Mississippi doing menial jobs and playing football, he is hired to be the schoolmaster in Frenchman's Bend. Faulkner initially describes him as "gaunt, with straight black hair coarse as a horse's tail and high Indian cheekbones and quiet pale hard eyes and the long nose of thought but with the slightly curved nostrils of pride and the thin lips of secret and ruthless ambition" (117).

2529 Mrs. Hoake

Alison Hoake buries her husband in a family graveyard "beside her father and mother" (150). This is the only mention of Mrs. Hoake in The Hamlet.

2528 Hoake

Hoake - only his last name is given in The Hamlet - is "a well-to-do landowner" (152). After his daughter Alison elopes with McCarron, "Old Hoake had sat for ten days now with a loaded shotgun across his lap" (153) before the newlyweds returned. McCarron, however, learned his father-in-law's business quickly and Hoake eventually bequeathed the flourishing property to his grandson, Hoake McCarron.

2527 Grimm, Second Wife of Eustice's Father

In The Hamlet the second wife of Eustace's father is his step-mother, and a "Fite" (399).

2526 Cain

In The Hamlet the store owner from whom Ab buys the milk separator is named Cain . (In the original version of this event, "Fool about a Horse" [1936], the man who owns the store is Ike McCaslin.)

2525 Unnamed Witness 2

The younger of the two men who discover Lonnie's body in "Hand upon the Waters" is described as "a youth, less than twenty, by his face" (67). He tells Stevens that, after the discovery, he "won't never eat another" fish (74).

2524 Unnamed Witness 1

The older of the two men who discover Lonnie's body in "Hand upon the Waters" is described as "a man of about forty" (72); his dialect - "Him and Joe" (67), "Yonder's his boat" (69) - indicates that, like most of the story's characters, he's a "country-bred man" (78).

2523 Unnamed Wife of Nate

In "Hand upon the Waters" Nate's wife appears in the novel only as another voice in the darkness at their cabin, when readers hear her telling her husband to "let them white folks alone" (80) - suggesting she has more authority over Nate than Gavin Stevens does.

2522 Unnamed Unidentified Voice

In "Hand upon the Waters" someone informs Stevens about both Lonnie's funeral and Joe's whereabouts on the day he was buried. There is good reason to think this person is someone from Frenchman's Bend, and it may even be the coroner whose telephone call first brought Stevens into the story, but all the text provides is a voice which speaks in correct (i.e. not vernacular) English and with unmistakable if unsentimental sympathy for Joe's loss.

2521 Unnamed Officers 2

In "Hand upon the Waters" Boyd Ballenbaugh "was subdued and thrown into jail once by two officers in Jefferson" (76).

2520 Unnamed Farmers 2

These are the local Yoknapatawpha men in "Hand upon the Waters" who own the "topless and battered cars, the saddled horses and mules and the wagons, the riders and drivers of which" Gavin Stevens knows by name (72). The men show up to Lonnie Grinnup's inquest in their "clean Saturday overalls and shirts and the bared heads and the sunburned necks striped with the white razor lines of Saturday neck shaves" (72). Among these men are the "folks" who go out to view Grinnup's camp and trotline later and see Joe hanging about (77).

2519 Unnamed Insurance Agent

In "Hand upon the Waters" this agent for the insurance company that issued the policy on Lonnie's life willingly follows Gavin Stevens’s instructions to help capture his killer.

2518 Unnamed Friends and Associates of Boyd Ballenbaugh

For several years before "Hand upon the Waters" begins, Boyd Ballenbaugh has been hiding at his brother’s place in Yoknapatawpha, though he is hiding "not from the police but from some of his Memphis friends or later business associates" (76). Both the mention of the police and the fact that Boyd is in hiding seems to suggest that, like many of the characters whom Faulkner's fictions locate in Memphis, these men in "Hand upon the Waters" are members of the underworld, and their "business" some kind of criminal activity - but that is not made explicit.

2517 Nate

In "Hand upon the Waters" Nate is a Negro farmer who lives in a cabin near the path to Lonnie's camp, and the owner of the "Negro voice" that "answers" Stevens when he asks him to let people at the nearby store know if he, Stevens, isn't "back by daylight" (79). In response to his wife's misgivings, Nate "murmurs something" - but readers never hear what Nate himself says, either to Stevens or to her (80).

2516 Pose

One of the four men - the others are Ike, Matthew, and Jim Blake - who load Lonnie Grinnup’s body onto a wagon for transfer to Tyler Ballenbaugh’s truck in "Hand upon the Waters."

2515 Matthew

One of the four men - the others are Ike, Pose, and Jim Blake - who load Lonnie Grinnup’s body onto a wagon for transfer to Tyler Ballenbaugh’s truck in "Hand upon the Waters."

2514 Ike

The eldest of the four men - the others are Pose, Matthew, and Jim Blake - who load Lonnie Grinnup’s body onto a wagon for transfer to Tyler Ballenbaugh’s truck in "Hand upon the Waters." There's no sign of a connection between him and the two more significant 'Ike's in the fiction: McCaslin and Snopes.

2513 Holston, Last Member of Family

According to "Hand upon the Waters," "the last of the Holston family" - one of the three first (white) families in Yoknapatawpha - died "before the end of the last century," i.e. sometime before 1900 (70). This story does not connect the family to the Holston House, the Jefferson hotel that survives into the 20th century. This contradicts the account of the family provided in The Mansion, one of Faulkner's last novels.

2512 Jim Blake

In "Hand upon the Waters," Blake is one of the four men - the others are Ike, Pose, and Matthew - who load Lonnie Grinnup’s body onto a wagon for transfer to Tyler Ballenbaugh’s truck.

2511 Tyler Ballenbaugh

In "Hand upon the Waters," Tyler Ballenbaugh is "a farmer, married and with a family and a reputation for self-sufficiency and violence," and for having won large "sums" as a gambler (75). That reputation returns with him from the time he spent "out West" (75). After his return to Yoknapatawpha, he continues to gamble, by speculating in "cotton futures" and even betting on Lonnie's Grinnup's life expectancy (75). He is cool and levelheaded in comparison with his younger brother.

2510 Ballenbaugh, Family of Tyler

Tyler Ballenbaugh's "family" is mentioned when he first appears in "Hand upon the Waters," but no other details about them are given (75). The fact that Tyler is "married," however, means the family includes a wife (75).

2509 Boyd Ballenbaugh

In "Hand upon the Waters," Boyd Ballenbaugh is Tyler Ballenbaugh’s younger brother. After a brief career in Memphis, where he worked as a hired guard during an industrial dispute and then got involved in undisclosed but apparently criminal activities with a set of "associates," he returns to his brother's house in Yoknapatawpha to hide out (76). A drunkard and a braggart, he is hotheaded and violent. Because he resents having to work for his brother "about the farm" (76), he comes up with what he thinks will be a quick - and murderous - way to make money.