Character Keys

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3250 Mr. Garraway

In The Town Mr. Garraway owns the store at Seminary Hill. Gavin Stevens describes him physically as "an old man with an old man's dim cloudy eyes magnified and enormous behind the thick lenses of his iron-framed spectacles" (328).

3251 Uncle Noon Gatewood

Although the soubriquet applied to Uncle Noon Gatewood in The Town labels him according to the demeaning conventions of Jim Crow culture, he is one of the few Negro businessmen who appear in the fictions. He is the "big and yellow" owner of a "blacksmith shop on the edge of town" (68).

3252 Jabbo Gatewood

In The Town Jabbo Gatewood is the son of Uncle Noon Gatewood, who as a blacksmith shod horses. In a sign of social change, Jabbo becomes an automobile mechanic: "Jabbo was the best mechanic in the county and although he still got drunk and into jail as much as ever, he never stayed longer than just overnight anymore because somebody with an automobile always needed him to pay his fine by morning" (71).

3253 Emily Habersham

In the Vintage International edition of The Town that we use as our source text, "Miss Emily Habersham" arranges for Bryon Snopes' children to travel "back home, to Byron Snopes or the reservation or wherever it was" (389). She may be some kind of social worker, but that is not clearly suggested. It has to be acknowledged that she probably exists as a 'character' only because in 1999 Noel Polk derived his 'Corrected Text' of The Town from the ribbon typescript in the Faulkner Foundation Collection at the University of Virginia.

3254 W.C. Handy

In The Town W.C. Handy, the famous Negro band leader and composer "from Beale Street in Memphis," provides the music for the Cotillion Ball (76). In the larger canon, Handy also provided Faulkner with the title of the short story "That Evening Sun" (1931) - one of Handy's most famous songs is "St. Louis Blues" (1914), which begins "I hate to see that evening sun go down." The novel calls him "Professor Handy" (76); Handy called himself, and has often been called by others, 'the Father of the Blues.'

3255 Hogganbeck, Grandfather of Melissa

In The Town the grandfather of Melissa Hogganbeck served under Lee during the Civil War till the end, through the surrender at Appomattox in 1865.

3256 Ashley Holcomb

In The Town Ashley Holcomb is one the boys in the Harrykin Creek hunting party.

3257 Mr. Hovis

In The Town, Mr. Hovis is the Sartoris bank cashier who receives a "coca cola" at the bank's closing time (323). (If in Faulkner's imagination he's related to the Mrs. Hovis who appears in the earlier short story "Uncle Willy," the novel doesn't mention the connection.)

3258 Mr. Kneeland

In The Town, Mr. Kneeland owns the tailor shop in Jefferson, where he makes men's clothes and rents out formal menswear, such as the tuxedos worn to the Cotillion Club ball.

3259 Mrs. Ledbetter

Mrs. Ledbetter - whom Ratliff invariably calls "Miz" Ledbetter - lives near Frenchman's Bend in a place called Rockyford. In The Town she buys a sewing machine. In both that novel and The Mansion Ratliff travels to Rockyford to deliver it.

3260 Matt Levitt

Matt Levitt won the Golden Gloves boxing competition "up in Ohio or somewhere last year," according to Charles Mallison in The Town (192). Gavin says, "He graduated from that new Ford mechanic's school and the company sent him here to be a mechanic in the agency garage" (192). Levitt owns a yellow cut-down racer, and Linda rides in it with him. He and Gavin, for a time, are rivals for Linda's attention. After Matt bloodies Gavin's face and has a violent altercation with Anse McCallum, the sheriff runs him out of Jefferson.

3261 Miss Killebrew

The teller at the Sartoris bank in The Town, Miss Killebrew receives one of the four "coca colas" that are regularly delivered from the drugstore at the end of the business day (323).

3262 Cedric Nunnery

In The Town Cedric is the son of Mrs. Nunnery and about five years old. After he goes off to play in a culvert, the search for him results in Eck Snopes' accidental death. Cedric himself returns unscathed.

3263 Mrs. Nunnery

Mrs. Nunnery is the mother in The Town who enlists Eck Snopes' help when her son Cedric goes missing. She is so frantic that she doesn't even hear the explosion in which Eck blows himself up during the search; "finally they made her sit down and somebody gave her a drink of whiskey and she quit screaming" (115).

3264 Maurice Priest

In The Town Sally Priest's husband, Maurice, fights with Grenier Weddel and blacks one of his eyes for sending his wife "not just what Father called a standard panic-size corsage, but a triple one" (81). Then, at home, Maurice Priest blackens his wife's eye. (The Maury Priest who appears in The Reivers is apparently a different character.)

3265 Sally Hampton Priest

Sally Priest, an abused married woman, receives a corsage from Grenier Weddel and a black eye from her husband; according to Gowan Stevens' account, "you would even have thought she was proud of it" (81). Her maiden name, "Sally Hampton" (80), suggests she is related to the Hamptons who are county sheriffs in other fictions, but if Faulkner imagined her in that relation, the text gives no hint of it.

3267 Nelly Ratcliffe

She is the wife of the original Vladimir Kyrilytch and mother of the second. She is the daughter of a Virginia farmer who hid and fed the Russian-born mercenary soldier when he escaped from an American prison during the Revolutionary War. At some point they married, and began the line of "V.K."s that culminates in the character readers meet frequently in the fictions. As her story is told in The Townand repeated in The Mansion, her maiden name was Ratcliffe, and the couple adopted it as their married name. Over time, the "c" and "e" were dropped from the spelling.

3269 Mr. Riddell

Mr. Riddell is a highway engineer who moves to Jefferson in The Town, where it is discovered that his son has polio.

3270 Mrs. Riddell

In The Town this woman is the wife of the highway engineer who moves to Jefferson, where they discover that their second grade son has polio.

3271 John Wesley Roebuck

A friend of Chick Mallison, John Wesley is among the five boys who go rabbit hunting along Harrykin Creek on a winter day. Many of the males in Yoknapatawpha are named after Confederate generals; John Wesley is undoubtedly named after the 18th century English cleric who was one of the founders of Methodism.

3272 Whit Rouncewell

In The Town Whit Rouncewell first appears when he tries to find the town's night marshal Grover Cleveland Winbush after seeing "them two fellows in Christian's drug store" (169). He is probably a relative of Mrs. Rouncewell, perhaps her son; he is definitely a contemporary of Linda Snopes: later in the novel, he is one of Linda's adolescent admirers and escorts during her last year in high school (222). He appears again in The Mansion, the next and last book in the Snopes trilogy.

3273 Grenier Weddel

Weddel is pursuing Sally Priest, a married woman, and sends her a corsage. His first name, Grenier, comes from one of the founding Yoknapatawpha families - but The Town, where he appears, says nothing about a genealogical connection to that family.

3274 Mr. Widrington

In The Town Mr. Widrington is a newcomer to Jefferson who drives his wife and her pedigree dog around town in a Cadillac.

3275 Mrs. Widrington

In The Town Mrs. Widrington owns a "a Pekinese with a gold name-plate on its collar that probably didn't even know it was a dog" (380). When the animal disappears, Mrs. Widrington runs ads "in all the Memphis and north Mississippi and west Tennessee and east Arkansas papers" and agitates the local lawmen - Hub Hampton and Buck Connors - to look for it.

3276 Mr. Wildermark

In The Town Mr. Wildermark owns a store on Courthouse Square and orders "men's shoes which buttoned, with toes like small tulip bulbs, of an archaic and obsolete pattern," for Miss Mannie Hait once a year (244).

3277 Winbush, Mother of Grover Cleveland

In The Town, the mother of Grover Cleveland Winbush lives out in the county, at Whiteleaf. Her son sends her "a dollar's worth of furnish" (food staples) every Saturday morning (176).

3278 Wyotts

Miss Wyott is a teacher in Jefferson in The Town, but the narrative notes that her "own people" - that is, her ancestors - "had come from the country (her own branch of it remained there where they had owned the nearest ford, crossing, ferry before Jefferson even became Jefferson)" (154). (In The Reivers Faulkner re-names the family that owns this spot Wylie.)

3279 Wyott, Grandfather of Doctor Wyott

In The Town, this grandfather of Old Doctor Wyott founded the Jefferson Academy.

3280 Miss Vaiden Wyott

In The Town Miss Vaiden Wyott is the second grade teacher who encourages and advises Wallstreet Panic Snopes throughout his public school education and beyond. She is a descendant of an old Yoknapatawpha family, but after teaching in Jefferson for a decade she decides "to accept a position in a school in Bristol, Virginia" (154). It would seem likely that she and the Doctor Wyott who runs the Academy that his grandfather founded must be related. Both these descendants of generations in Yoknapatawpha share a common interest in eduction.

3281 Doctor Wyott

In The Town Old Doctor Wyott is president emeritus of the Academy founded by his grandfather; he "could read not only Greek and Hebrew but Sanskrit too," and is "absolved" from religious affiliation by conventional Jeffersonians (320). It would seem likely that he and the Vaiden Wyott who is such a good elementary school teacher must be related. Like him, she is descended from an old Yoknapatawpha family. But the novel gives no hint of a relationship between these two Wyott lineages.

3282 Mr. Stone|Oxford Lawyer

The Oxford, Mississippi, lawyer with whom Linda consults while attending the University of Mississippi is named Stone in The Town. At her request, he devises a "contingency" by which Linda stipulates that Flem Snopes should receive any inheritance she is left by her mother. "He was very nice," Linda says (342). (He is mentioned but not named in The Mansion.) The real person behind this character is unquestionably Oxford resident Phil Stone, a lawyer and a descendant of a prominent local family.

3283 Old Mr. Stone

The "old" lawyer Stone (as Eula refers to him in The Town) is likely "the nice" Mr. Stone's father (342).

3284 Unnamed Stonemasons 2

In The Town Gavin hires these "masons" to attach the medallion of Eula to her tombstone (370). These artisans should not be confused with the "Masons" - the members of the fraternal society who are also mentioned in the novel.

3285 Mr. Thorndyke

In The Town Mr. Thorndyke is the Episcopalian pastor who appears at the Mallisons' house with three other (unnamed) pastors - a Methodist, a Baptist, and a Presbyterian - to ask Gavin about the plans for Eula's memorial service. Gavin accuses them of having been "sent by a lot of damned old women of both sexes, including none," people in the town who are anxious about burying Eula's story as well as her body; Gavin calls them all "Doctor" (359).

3286 Unnamed Alderman

Jefferson is governed by an elected Board of Aldermen as well as a Mayor. This unnamed alderman in The Town is the one who responds to Gavin Stevens' request that the town drain the water tank to find the brass Flem has stolen by saying, "I don’t know how much it will cost to drain that tank, but I for one will be damned - " before Gavin cuts him off (89). (See also Unnamed Board of Aldermen in this index.)

3288 Unnamed Customers at the Atelier Monty

In The Town Charles naively - or perhaps coyly - describes the men from "the next towns" and elsewhere who visit Montgomery Ward's photographic studio at night this way: "going and coming through the side door in the alley; and them the kind of men you wouldn't hardly think it had ever occurred to them they might ever need to have their picture struck" (131).

3289 Unnamed Automobile Owners

These are the people referred to in The Town as "somebody with an automobile" (71), a small but growing group of Yoknapatawpha residents during the period in which the novel is set. They bail Jabbo out of jail whenever one of them has a car that needs fixing.

3290 Unnamed Bank Stockholders

According to Charles in The Town, the people who own stock in the Sartoris bank include some of the most prestigious families in Yoknapatawpha - besides Sartorises, he mentions Major de Spain, Will Varner, "the Compsons and Benbows and Peabodys and Miss Eunice Habersham" as well as the Stevenses - and also "a hundred others that were farmers around in the county" (124).

3291 Unnamed Baptist and Methodist Settlers

In The Town Charles explains the origins of Yoknapatawpha's white population's basic moral code by referring to the past. Their ancestors, he says, "hadn't quitted home and security for a wilderness in which to find freedom of thought as they claimed and oh yes, believed, but to find freedom in which to be incorrigible and unreconstructible Baptists and Methodists; not to escape from tyranny as they claimed and believed, but to establish one" (321).

3292 Unnamed Board of County Supervisors 1

As County Attorney in The Town, Gavin reports to "the Board of Supervisors"; these men don't appear in the novel, but he does think of them, facetiously, docking his pay for writing a personal letter on county "letterhead" (223).

3293 Unnamed Board of Directors of Sartoris Bank

In The Town the bank's board of directors meets during the Byron Snopes embezzlement crisis. In The Mansion they appear more obliquely, when Flem claims he has to confer with the bank director's before taking over the mortage on the Compson property.

3294 Unnamed Boy Who Rides with Levitt

When Linda declines to ride with Matt Levitt in The Town, he is seen driving with "another boy or man" in his racer (197).

3295 Unnamed Boys in Jefferson 2

This entry represents the boys who appear or are referred to in various passages in The Town. For example, Mink Snopes called out from the jail to passing boys "he could trust would deliver his message" to Flem Snopes (85). "All the boys in town" appreciate Eck Snopes' goodness and the "raw peanuts" he is always willing to share with them (116). "All the boys in Jefferson between six and twelve years old and sometimes even older" enjoy stealing watermelons from Ab Snopes' patch, then watching him rage about the loss (138).

3296 Unnamed Burglars

These are the two men who break into and rob Willy Christian's drugstore in The Town and again in The Mansion.

3297 Unnamed Carpenters

These workers begin remodeling Manfred de Spain's house after Flem purchases it in The Town. They are adding columns consistent with the stereotypical image of the antebellum mansion.

3298 Unnamed Chinese Laundryman

This "Chinese laundryman" mentioned in The Town is the only Asian character who appears in Yoknapatawpha. Charles Mallison explains why, although he is not white, this man is in a category that is distinct from the one that the other non-white - i.e. Negro - inhabitants of Yoknapatawpha belong to: "And although the Chinese was definitely a colored man even if not a Negro, he was only he, single peculiar and barren; not just kinless but even kindless, half the world or anyway half the continent . . . sundered from his like and therefore as threatless as a mule" (321).

3299 Unnamed Residents of Wyott's Crossing

None of these people are mentioned as individuals in The Town, but Gavin and Charles pay a visit to this community, where the local population was "having some kind of a squabble over a drainage tax suit" (181).

3300 Unnamed Jefferson Merchants and Professionals 4

These men in The Town are described as Jefferson's "storekeepers and doctors and lawyers and mayors and such as that"; their "quiet and peaceful" suppers are disturbed by the sound of Manfred De Spain's car when he passes by the Mallison house (62).

3301 Unnamed Confederate Provost Man|Picket

Ab Snopes' Civil War wound was never received in battle, or even from a Yankee, but Faulkner provides several different accounts of the Confederate who shot him while he was stealing a horse and left him with a lifelong limp. In "Barn Burning" that man is identified as "a Confederate provost's man" (5). We are assuming this is the same person who shoots him in two other texts, which provide slightly different versions of Ab's wounding.

3302 Unnamed Cotillion Guests

The Jefferson couples who receive invitations to the Cotillion Dance in The Town represent the town's social elite. Charles describes their appearance as "crimped and frizzed in scarves and earrings and perfume and long white gloves like Mother or in claw-hammer coats and boiled shirts and white ties and yesterday's haircuts like Father and Uncle Gavin" (75-76).

3303 Unnamed Country Girl

After Linda Snopes stops going out with Matt Levitt in The Town, he replaces her with "a country girl he had found somewhere" (206).

3304 Unnamed Countrymen 2

In The Town, the potential customers asking for directions to the Snopes Hotel are "country men" - men from the countryside outside Jefferson - who "were told simply to walk in that direction until they came to a woman rocking, and that was it" (42). (The woman is I.O. Snopes' wife. Faulkner here spells "country men" as two words, but our name spells it as one word, which Faulkner himself did elsewhere; see Unnamed Countrymen 1, for example, in this index.)

3305 Unnamed Countrywomen

In The Town, Gavin refers to the women - groups of "four or five or six ladies in sunbonnets" who live on "back-country roads" (240) - as the customers to whom Ratliff sells sewing machines, and from whom he has learned how to listen. Gavin's use of "ladies" is generous; these are the wives of the poor farmers who inhabit Yoknapatawpha's "back-country" in the fictions.

3306 Unnamed Spectators in Courtroom 3

A large crowd comes to watch Mink Snopes' trial for murder in The Town; people are "still crowding in long after they had run out of anything to set on" (86).

3307 Unnamed Debtors

In Chapter 17 of The Town Gavin refers several times to the people who owe Flem Snopes money. He describes them variously as people owing "sums ranging from twenty-five cents to five dollars" (291); as people "who had been paying [Flem] the usury on five or ten or twenty dollar loans" (295); and as people against whom Flem holds "a usurious note or mortage" (299).

3308 Unnamed Deceased Sheriff

In The Town Sheriff Hub Hampton's "office deputy," Miss Elma, is identified as the "widow of the sheriff Mr Hampton had succeeded last time" (183). This previous sheriff is not otherwise described.

3309 Unnamed Station Agent 3

In The Town Ratliff claims it was "the depot agent" who sent I.O. Snopes a printed train schedule - though he may have done that himself. (In "Mule in the Yard" the local man who sends I.O. the schedule is identified as the "town wag.") It is definitely an agent at the station, and so presumably the same man, who takes Flem Snopes' payment for freight charges on Eula's medallion.

3310 Unnamed Country Wives and Daughters

The day the Grand Jury meets to consider Christmas' case in Light in August is a Saturday, which as always means there are a lot of people from the surrounding county in Jefferson; according to the narrator, while the “countrymen in overalls” join the townsmen standing around the courthouse, their wives and daughters of move “in and out of the stores . . . in clumps, slowly and also aimlessly as cattle or clouds" (416).

3311 Unnamed People Who Grieve

Thinking about the local men killed in the war leads the narrator of "Shall Not Perish" to imagine "all the grieving about the earth, the rich and the poor too" (103): the people who lose loved ones in the fighting.

3312 Snopeses

There are more Snopeses in the fictions than any other family. Over 60 named members of the family have their own entries in our database.

3313 Riddell, Boy

In The Town, this second-grade boy moves to Jefferson with his parents. When it is discovered that he has polio, the school that he and Chick attend is closed. He is hospitalized in Memphis, and Eula says to Chick, "Let's hope they got him to Memphis in time" (324).

3314 Unnamed Baptists and Methodists

The narrators in The Town refer in several ways to the morally self-righteous members of the community. They can be found among the Presbyterian and Episcopal congregations in Yoknapatawpha, but Baptists and Methodists are the county's principal white Protestant groups. Charles notes, for example, that "ours was a town founded by Aryan Baptists and Methodists" (320; there is no "Aryan" sect in the Baptist church - Faulkner may have meant 'Arian Baptists,' but if "Aryan" is deliberate, he is presumably using the adjective to mean 'white' or even 'white-supremacist').

3315 Unnamed Directors of the Bank of Jefferson

In The Town Ratliff mentions "the directors of the Bank of Jefferson" - the other bank in town, rival to the Sartoris Bank - when he tells Gavin about Wallstreet Panic Snopes' business plans (152): they apparently authorized a loan to him.

3316 Unnamed Father-in-Law of Wallstreet Snopes

Gavin speculates in The Town that this "small though thrifty farmer" (157) finds the money to save his son-in-law's business.

3317 Unnamed Federal Drug Inspectors

The federal drug inspectors who audit the narcotics in Uncle Willy's drugstore in The Town criticize him for his poor security of the morphine (163).

3318 Unnamed Fiance of Miss Wyott

In The Town Miss Vaiden Wyott mentions "her fiance" when she explains to Wall Snopes why she cannot accept his marriage proposal; all the text says about him is that she is sure that, if he and Wall ever met, they "would be friends" (154).

3319 Unnamed Fish-Grabblers

'Fish grabbling' means catching fish underwater with one's bare hands. That's what these men in The Town are doing when they find Mink Snopes' shotgun in the slough where he had thrown it. (See also Unnamed Negro Who Finds Gun in this index.)

3320 Unnamed Residents of the Poorhouse 2

In The Town these poor people, who are housed by the county, know about Mr. Hait's death and have "heard that Mrs. Hait had got eight thousand dollars for him" (242).

3321 Unnamed Fourteen-Year-Old Girl

In The Town this girl is discovered in an "empty cotton house" having sex with "schoolmaster" Snopes (43). (See also the Unnamed Eleven-Year-Old Girl who appears in The Mansion, and may be the same character.)

3322 Unnamed French Prostitutes

As Ratliff explains to Charles in The Town, during World War I Montgomery Ward Snopes ran brothels in France. He began in a little town with "a young French lady he happened to know" (120; since Charles is only five at the time, Ratliff resorts to evasive terms), then set up a bigger brothel in Paris, "adding more and more entertaining ladies to that-ere new canteen he set up in Paris" (121). The ladies themselves are not described in any more detail. (Prostitution was legal in France at this time, though it was illegal to run a brothel.)

3323 Unnamed Masons in Frenchman's Bend

Uncle Billy's Frenchman's Bend Masons are in charge of Eck Snopes' funeral in The Town. (The first American chapters of the social order known as Freemasonry were organized in Pennsylvania in the early 18th century. Many of the Founders of the Revolutionary era were Freemasons, which is why the U.S. dollar includes masonic symbolism. Not long after the Revolution ended there were 'lodges' in all the states, but I confess it's surprising to think that such a small and impoverished place as Frenchman's Bend had its own chapter.)

3324 Unnamed Minister in Frenchman's Bend

The minister who leads Eula's memorial service in Jefferson in The Town is "the old Methodist minister who had christened her thirty-eight years ago" in Frenchman's Bend; he is described as "an old man who had been a preacher all his adult life but would have for the rest of it the warped back and the wrenched bitter hands of a dirt farmer" (360). He is mentioned again in The Mansion, where Ratliff calls him "the old Methodist preacher that had baptised Eula" (163).

3325 Unnamed Friends of Gavin Stevens

Gavin counts on these friends who live in New York to help Linda during her move to Greenwich Village. Ratliff says, "Lawyer had it all arranged, friends he knowed in Harvard to meet the train at the depot and take care of her, get her settled and ever thing" (367).

3326 Unnamed Friends of Linda Snopes

In The Town after Linda Snopes stops seeing Matt Levitt, she goes to the movies "with another girl or maybe two or three of them" (205).

3327 Unnamed Furniture Salesman

When he becomes vice president of the bank in The Town, Flem employs this salesman in a Memphis furniture store to provide him with appropriate home furnishings.

3328 Unnamed Jurors 7

In The Town these jurors indict Mink Snopes for murdering Zack Houston.

3329 Unnamed Biracial Grandchildren of Will Varner

Ratliff reports to Gavin in The Town that Will Varner had three biracial concubines, "the first Negroes in that section of the county and for a time the only ones he would permit there, by whom he now had grandchildren" (289).

3330 Unnamed Biracial Concubines

In The Town Ratliff reports that Will Varner had three "mulatto concubines" - the "first Negroes" in Frenchman's Bend, "and for a time the only ones [Varner] would permit there" (289).

3331 Unnamed Grandfather of Uncle Willy

According to The Town, before the Civil War, Willy Christian's grandfather owned Walter's grandfather. The employer-employee relationship described in the novel between Willy and Walter has affinities with this master-slave relationship. (See also Hoke Christian's entry in this index. He is Willy's father in the story "Uncle Willy," and may have been the man Faulkner was thinking of when he created a grandfather for Willy.)

3332 Unnamed Grandfather of Walter

According to Charles in The Town Walter's grandfather was a slave who "had belonged to Uncle Willy's grandfather before the Surrender" (167).

3333 Unnamed Grocery Store Owner

This unnamed grocery store owner in The Town is young Wallstreet Panic Snopes' employer. In time, Wall becomes his partner.

3334 Unnamed Hired Boy

In The Town Wall Snopes hires this boy "to come before daylight on the winter mornings to build the fire and sweep" the grocery store (136).

3335 Unnamed Hired Driver 3

Unlike the other drivers in The Town, this one is imaginary. In his hypothetical account of Flem's trip to Frenchman's Bend in Chapter 17, Gavin describes the man who drives him as an outsider: his car "would not bear Yoknapatawpha County license plates" (305). (In Chapter 18, Ratliff describes how he himself drove Flem on that trip.)

3336 Unnamed Husbands and Beaus of the Ladies in the Club

In The Town these "husbands and beaus" reluctantly bought at least one corsage for their Cotillion Club partners, following Gavin's example (73).

3337 Unnamed Imaginary Assassin

In Chapter 17 of The Town Gavin refers, hypothetically, to "some dedicated enthusiast panting for martyrdom in the simple name of Man" whom Flem could get to "shoot old Will some night" (302). The context suggests that this potential solution to Flem's problem is invented by Gavin as much if not more than by Flem.

3338 Unnamed Insurance Adjuster

In The Town this man comes to Jefferson to determine his company's liability for Mrs. Widrington's lost dog.

3339 Unnamed Italian Consul

In The Town Gavin nags the Italian consul in New Orleans in an attempt to hasten the arrival of the medallion containing Eula's "carved marble face" (368).

3340 Unnamed Board of Aldermen

These aldermen are elected officials who (along with the town mayor) govern Jefferson. In The Town, the board of aldermen meets to consider Gavin Stevens' complaint against Mayor de Spain. (See also Unnamed Alderman in this index.)

3341 Unnamed Jefferson High School Principal

This principal awards Wallstreet Panic Snopes his diploma in The Town.

3342 Unnamed Jefferson Housewives

In The Town Jefferson housewives eventually drive to Wallstreet's self-service grocery store to "seek his bargains and carry them home themselves" (157).

3343 Unnamed Jefferson Lady 1

This woman in The Town - identified by Charles' narrative only as "the first lady" (53) - reproves Maggie Mallison for calling on Eula Snopes.

3344 Unnamed Jefferson Lady 2

This is the woman in The Town - identified only as "the second lady" - who condescendingly reproves Maggie Mallison for calling on Eula Snopes (53).

3345 Unnamed Jefferson Masons

A secret fraternal order originating in medieval ritual, the Masons advocate charity and obedience. In The Town Eck Snopes was an active member among the Frenchman's Bend Masons, and Will Varner encouraged the Masons in Jefferson to find an appropriate job for Eck after his neck was broken. When Eck dies, the Masonic Lodge buries him, displaying their ritual "aprons" and "signs" at his funeral (117).

3346 Unnamed Jefferson Mothers

The "mothers" of Jefferson appear as a distinct group several times in The Town. They bring their little children to the kindergarten class in which Wallstreet Panic and Admiral Dewey Snopes are already enrolled, for example. We also use this entry to refer to the larger group that Gavin refers to as "Southern mothers" - the women who want "their daughters" to attend college in Virginia (221).

3347 Unnamed Jefferson Ministers 2

In The Town, along with the Episcopalian minister Mr. Thorndyke, these three "pastors" - identified as "the Methodist, the Baptist, the Presbyterian" - call on Gavin Stevens at the request of their congregations to offer Gavin their assistance with Eula's memorial service. Gavin calls them all "Doctor" (359), but in the distribution of names Charles' narration clearly distinguishes between the Episcopalian and the other three; Charles calls Thorndyke as "our" pastor - i.e.

3348 Unnamed Jewish Families

As exceptions to his portrait of the local population in The Town as Protestant ("Baptists and Methodists," 320), Charles mentions these "two Jews brothers with their families, who ran two clothing stores": "One of them had been trained in Russia to be a rabbi and spoke seven languages including classic Greek and Latin and worked geometry problems for relaxation" (320). These are the only Jewish inhabitants of Yoknapatawpha ever mentioned.

3349 Unnamed Livery Stable Customers

Chick's father in The Town - Charles Mallison, Sr. - owns the town livery stable. He notes that because so "many of my customers use horses and mules for a living," it would be bad for his business if he owned an automobile (65).

3350 Unnamed Loafers

In The Town, these unnamed "loafers, Negro and white boys too," watch the Cotillion couples arrive at the Opera House (76).

3351 Unnamed Members of Byron Society

Byron Societies were originally literary groups that met to read and discuss the works of George Gordon, Lord Byron. By the time of The Town, the Jefferson version of the Byron Society was essentially a social club for upper and middle class women. Like the Cotillion Club, membership in the Society confers social prestige.

3352 Unnamed Members of Frenchman's Bend Church

In his hypothetical account in The Town of Flem's return to Frenchman's Bend in 1927, Gavin mentions the members of the church there, but only in the context of Mrs. Varner's authoritarian control of the "terrified congregation" and the "ministers" whom she "selects and chooses and hires" herself - she "fires them too when they don't suit her" (306). Still according to Gavin, one of these ministers was plowing "a cotton field" when she passed by in her buggy and noticed him: she ordered him "to go home and bathe and change his clothes" before she "ordained" him herself (306).