Character Keys

Displaying 901 - 1000 of 3748

Add a new Character Key

Code titlesort ascending biography
466 Unnamed Neighbor of Emily 1

This man is the character in "A Rose for Emily" who protests, "in diffident deprecation" (122), that the town must do something about the smell coming from the Grierson house.

3781 Unnamed Neighbor of Benbow

In Sanctuary Horace Benbow tells Ruby Lamar that she can "always get me by telephone, at ------," and gives her "the name of a neighbor" that the narrative withholds from us (201). This is that neighbor. (In Flags in the Dust the Benbows' neighbors are named Wyatt; there's no obvious reason for Faulkner's coyness about the neighbor in this novel.)

2364 Unnamed Neighbor Men

In "Fool about a Horse" and again in The Hamlet, these "neighbor men" are in the habit of dropping by to see what kind of horse Pap (in the short story) or Ab Snopes (in the novel) has "brung home this time" (119) - or "whatever it was he had done swapped for" (34). It's likely that at least most of these men are tenant farmers on the Holland land too.

2099 Unnamed Neighbor in the Bend 2

In "Miss Zilphia Gant," Mrs. Gant "borrows a pistol from another neighbor" when she leaves the Bend to get revenge on her husband (369). We know this 'other' neighbor is not the woman with whom she leaves Zilphia, but that is all the text makes explicit; that this neighbor's is male is our assumption.

2098 Unnamed Neighbor in the Bend 1

In "Miss Zilphia Gant," Mrs. Gant asks a "neighbor" woman to "keep" Zilphia for her while she leaves to take revenge on her husband (369). This woman is never described.

1881 Unnamed Neighbor in Pensacola 2

This is the neighbor of Popeye's mother in Sanctuary who reports him for "cutting up a half-grown kitten" (309). It may be the neighbor who reported the fire in the boarding house earlier, but the text gives no indication of that.

1880 Unnamed Neighbor in Pensacola 1

This is the "neighbor" in Sanctuary who turns in a fire alarm when Popeye's grandmother sets a fire in the attic (305).

3363 Unnamed Neighbor Girl

After Matt Levitt's departure in The Town, Linda begins to go to and from school "with another girl who lived on the same street" (222).

2159 Unnamed Negroes Who Flee Christmas

In a cabin that he enters during his flight in Light in August, Christmas "sees negro dishes, negro food," and feels the presence of "flight and abrupt consternation" (335). From these details we can construct the blacks who live in the cabin, but in fact they never appear except as the "long, limber black hands" that put the food in front of him. And they are only heard in the "wails of terror and distress" that Christmas "hears without hearing them" (335). As he eats, Christmas registers their fear and calls himself "their brother" (335).

1879 Unnamed Negroes outside Jail

Outside the county jail in Sanctuary these Negroes gather in the evenings and sing with the man inside awaiting execution. They wear "natty, shoddy suits and sweat-stained overalls" (114), and have "work-thickened shoulders" (124).

2438 Unnamed Negroes on Steamboat

When Clytemnestra and Charles E. S-V. Bon take a steamboat from New Orleans in Absalom!, they travel "on the freight deck, eating and sleeping with negroes" (160).

3809 Unnamed Negroes Near Sutpen's Hundred

The "clientele" of the "little crossroads store" that Thomas Sutpen opens after the Civil War includes, according to Shreve McCannon, "freed niggers" who live in the area (147). Shreve uses the adjective "freed" because the historical context is the immediate aftermath of the Civil War and Emancipation. He uses that derogatory noun to describe these former slaves because Negroes are considered inferior - though it's interesting to note that in this same passage Shreve reveals how, as a Canadian, he is with the equally derogatory term "white trash" (147).

1588 Unnamed Negroes in Wagons

At several different points in Flags in the Dust Young Bayard is described frightening these men, women and children - country Negroes whose slow-moving, mule-drawn wagons he threatens and sometimes overturns by rushing up to them in the powerful car he speeds around the county in. The people in the wagons are never named or individualized, except by their alarmed faces and rolling eyes.

2163 Unnamed Negroes in the North

Part of the time Christmas is on "the street which was to run for fifteen years" in Light in August he spends in Chicago and Detroit, living and eating "with negroes" (225) as a Negro himself. He fights with any of the black men "who call him white" (225).

2158 Unnamed Negroes in Mottstown

During the thirty years that the Hineses live in Mottstown in Light in August, they depend largely on the charity of the Negroes who live in their neighborhood, despite Doc's racist sermons and overall belligerence. In particular the narrative mentions "the negro women" of Mottstown, who bring dishes of food, possibly from the white kitchens where they cook, to the Hineses at their house (341).

1709 Unnamed Negroes in Mottson

In The Sound and the Fury these "two negro lads" tell Jason they can drive a car, but are not willing to take him to Jefferson for two dollars (312).

1721 Unnamed Negroes in Memphis Brothel

While reflecting on 'Negroes' and how "they" behave in The Sound and the Fury, Quentin remembers hearing or reading about the "brothel full of them in Memphis" who ran naked into the street during "a religious trance" (170).

3516 Unnamed Negroes in Jefferson 2

Jefferson's African-American population appears in The Mansion indirectly, in several narrative references to them as a group and from several different political perspectives. On his trip into Jefferson at the beginning of the novel, for example, Mink walks through a "section [of] all Negro homes" (38) between the Square and the railroad depot; his thoughts seem to include the actual 'Negroes' who live in these homes, though no people come clearly into focus.

1341 Unnamed Negroes in Jefferson 1

The Negroes who live in the "negro cabins" at the southern edge of town appear in As I Lay Dying mainly as the "faces" that "come suddenly to the doors, white-eyed," as the Bundrens pass by with their malodorous burden (229).

3233 Unnamed Negroes in Frenchman's Bend

Although in other Yoknapatawpha fictions the population of Frenchman's Bend is almost entirely white, local Negroes appear in "By the People" and again in The Mansion in two ways. The "roistering gang" that Clarence Snopes leads frequently "beats Negroes" (89, 328). When Clarence becomes the Bend's constable, he also hits the "first few Negroes who ran afoul of his new official capacity . . . with the blackjack he carried or the butt of the pistol which he now officially wore" (89, 329).

2157 Unnamed Negroes in Freedman Town

In Light in August these Negroes live in Freedman Town, the specifically black section of Jefferson. Though they are described as "invisible" to Joe, as he walks past their cabins he is very conscious of the way they and their "negro smell" seem to enclose him, "like bodiless voices murmuring talking laughing in a language not his" (114). He is particularly conscious of the murmuring "bodiless fecundmellow voices of [the] negro women" there (115).

499 Unnamed Negroes in Episcopalian Church

In both the short story and the novel titled "The Unvanquished," these Negroes are among the people in attendance at the secular service in the Episcopal Church when Rosa distributes money and mules to the needy people of Yoknapatawpha. In his narrative, Bayard indicates that at the beginning of the Civil War they were enslaved, but now, presumably because their former masters are gone because of the War, Bayard calls them "the dozen niggers that had got free by accident and didn't know what to do about it" (84).

1306 Unnamed Negroes in Crowd

In "Go Down, Moses" and again in the chapter with that title in Go Down, Moses, the crowd that watches as the coffin carrying Samuel Beauchamp is taken off the train contains a "number of Negroes and whites both" (265, 363). These are the "probably half a hundred Negroes, men and women too," who are there (265, 363).

2156 Unnamed Negroes in Country Churches

In Light in August these members of "remote negro churches" "about the county" listen to Doc Hines when he interrupts their services to commandeer the pulpit and preach to them about "the superiority of the white race" (343). The narrator says that they "believed that he was crazy, touched by God," or "perhaps" even "God himself," "since God to them was a white man too and His doings also a little inexplicable" (344).

2437 Unnamed Negroes in City Honky-Tonks

This is one of the two groups of men in Absalom! from whom Charles E. C-V. Bon - a "white-colored man" (167) with a "coal black" wife (166) - deliberately provokes a racial reaction: "the negro [men] . . . in city honky-tonks who thought he was a white man" (167).

2436 Unnamed Negroes at Ball

These are the "negroes" at the "ball" in Absalom! where Charles E. S-V. Bon starts a fight (164). Before the fight they are described as "dancing" and having a "dice game in the kitchen"; in the fight they are described as "a moiling clump of negro backs and heads and black arms and hands clutching sticks of stove wood and cooking implements and razors" (164).

1390 Unnamed Negroes 9

In "The Old People" these Negroes live and work on the narrator's family farm, probably as tenant farmers. The cabins they live in may once have been part of the slave quarters. The racial and economic realities of Yoknapatawpha require them to put on the semblance of "servility," to have "recourse to that impenetrable wall of ready and easy mirth . . . to sustain [a buffer] between themselves and white men" on whom they depend for their subsistence (203).

1391 Unnamed Negroes 8

In Absalom! these "negroes" who live in Jefferson report Charles E. S-V. Bon when he gets "either blind or violently drunk in the negro store district" in town; they "seem to fear either him or Clytie or Judith" (170).

1158 Unnamed Negroes 7

The two groups of "customers" who patronize Willy's drugstore in "Uncle Willy" are sharply distinguished by race - and by the kinds of things they buy. This is the group that the narrator refers to as the "niggers" who "buy cards and dice" (226).

639 Unnamed Negroes 6

This group represents the unnamed Negroes in "A Bear Hunt" who are not included in some other group: the blacks at the picnic who were not physically abused by the Provine gang, and the people whom the narrator refers to as "Negroes among us living in economic competition" with the white society; this latter group is identified as having "our family names" - i.e. the same last names as people in the white community (66).

1157 Unnamed Negroes 5

In "Mule in the Yard" I.O. Snopes shoulders his way through this "throng of Negroes" at the grocery store (259).

1155 Unnamed Negroes 4

In "Death Drag," "a Negro or two" are among the first people to reach the airplane after it lands at the town airport (186).

1389 Unnamed Negroes 3

In "A Justice" Sam Fathers lives among Negroes in the quarters on the Compson farm. They apparently work the Compson land on shares as tenant farmers, and they distinguish themselves from Sam by calling him "a blue-gum" (343), or "Uncle Blue-Gum" (344).

1215 Unnamed Negroes 2

In "All the Dead Pilots" Sartoris mentions these people in his letter to Jenny, asking her to "tell [them] hello" (529).

1392 Unnamed Negroes 11

In "Knight's Gambit" the Negroes who live along the railroad tracks in Jefferson are identified only by their "alien yet inviolably durable" homes, the "Negro cabins" Charles sees out the window of the train bringing him home (252-53).

1156 Unnamed Negroes 10

Neither "Delta Autumn" nor the chapter with that title in Go Down, Moses makes clear how many people from Yoknapatawpha are in the hunting party, but at least several of them are black, and are there not to hunt but to serve the white hunters. The text names one, Isham, and singles out another as "the youngest Negro" (274, 335) - they have their own character entries. There is at least one more, because both narratives say that "two of the Negroes" cut firewood for cooking and warmth (272, 327).

1159 Unnamed Negroes 1

According to Sanctuary, "at almost any hour of the twenty-four" Negroes "might be seen" entering the house of the "half-crazed white woman" who reputedly sells them "spells" - i.e. magic potions (200-01). Many of them arrive at her house in "a wagon or a buggy," suggesting that they live in the country, not the town.

2155 Unnamed Negro Youth in Jefferson

While walking along a Jefferson street in Light in August, this "negro youth" is so frightened by the "still and baleful" look on Christmas' face as he stares through the barbershop window at Brown that he carefully "edges away" from him (113).

638 Unnamed Negro Youth 2

In "An Error in Chemistry" this "strange Negro youth" (129) is sitting in the driver's seat of Wesley Pritchel's truck as the disguised Joel Flint prepares to sell the property and leave. "Strange" in this context almost certainly means 'not from Yoknapatawpa.' The youth has presumably been hired by Flint to drive the truck.

1214 Unnamed Negro Youth 1

Another servant of Major de Spain in "Barn Burning," described only as "the Negro youth on a fat bay carriage horse" (12); he rides behind De Spain, carrying the rug that Ab Snopes has soiled.

3786 Unnamed Negro Youngsters

When Joe Brown, in Light in August, asks the "old negro woman" sitting on the porch of her cabin about who lives there, she replies "Aint nobody here but me and the two little uns" (433-34). She adds that these two children are "too little" to carry a message to town (434), but neither she nor the narrative say anything else about them.

1318 Unnamed Negro Young Men

In "A Point of Law" and again in Go Down, Moses, Lucas Beauchamp compares George Wilkins favorably as a son-in-law to "the other buck niggers" in his neighborhood (213; in the novel this phrase is revised to "nigger bucks," 34). By these offensive terms Lucas refers to other eligible young black males who live nearby. The racist stereotype that, for good reason, we now hear in those terms would not have been felt or meant by Lucas.

2154 Unnamed Negro Yardmen 2

When McEachern tells him about "work" in Light in August, Joe understands what it means by remembering that "he had seen work going on in the person of men with rakes and shovels about the playground [of the Memphis orphanage] six days each week" (144). Based on the kind of work these men are doing, and the patterns of the Yoknapatawpha fictions as a group, it seems very likely that these men are black.

1587 Unnamed Negro Yardmen 1

These are the two unnamed black men in Flags in the Dust whom Bayard, trying to avoid a white child, swerves toward on his wild stallion ride through Jefferson. Since one is "playing a hose on the sidewalk" and the other is holding "a pitchfork," it seems safe to identify them as yardmen working for one of the white families who live on this "quiet" street (130). They are not injured, though Bayard is when the horse slips on the wet concrete; the "negro with the pitchfork" drives the stallion away from Bayard's fallen body (131).

1872 Unnamed Negro Yardman 2

The man who works in "the yard" of the Memphis orphanage in Light in August is never named, and appears in the novel only through the story that Doc Hines tells Hightower in Jefferson (383). But when, according to Hines' story, the young Joe Christmas asks him "How come you are a nigger?" (383) his anger is memorable and the response he makes is portentous. Though at first he calls Christmas a "little white trash bastard," he adds, "You are worse than that. You dont know what you are. And more than that, you wont never know . . ." (384).

1871 Unnamed Negro Yardman 1

When Temple thinks about her father "sitting on the porch at home" in Sanctuary, she imagines that he is "watching a negro mow the lawn" (51).

3554 Unnamed Negro Yard Man|Chauffeur

This is the black man who works for Flem Snopes in The Mansion. In his narrative Ratliff calls him both the "yard boy" (172) and "the yard man" (173), "that Negro yard man" (182); given Ratliff's dialect and the white Southern use of "boy" to keep black men in the place that segregation defines for them, it's safe to say this "boy" is in fact a "man." In addition to his work around and outside Flem's mansion, he drives Flem's car "now and then" (172), though Ratliff notes that "he never had no white coat and showfer's [i.e. chauffeur's] cap" (174).

1293 Unnamed Negro Women in Rider's Past

In "Pantaloon in Black" and again in Go Down, Moses, these are the sexual partners with whom Rider consorted before he met Mannie: "the women bright and dark and for all purposes nameless he didn’t need to buy" (240, 131).

450 Unnamed Negro Women

The "Negro women" in "A Rose for Emily" appear only in a negative phrase identifying Colonel Sartoris as the Jefferson mayor who "fathered the edict that no Negro woman should appear on the streets without an apron" (119-20). We hear nothing else about these women or this edict, whether they complied or it was enforced or when it might have been rescinded. The "apron" would have typified, not to say stereo-typified, all black women as domestic servants.

2153 Unnamed Negro Woman Wearing Christmas' Shoes

This is the woman in Light in August who trades "a pair of her husband's brogans" to Joe Christmas in return for his shoes (329). She is 'captured' anticlimactically when the Sheriff's dogs follow the scent of the shoes to the cabin next to a corn field where she and her family live; when the armed posse kicks open the door she drops the iron skillet she was holding.

2216 Unnamed Negro Woman on Mourner's Bench

When Christmas disrupts the revival meeting in the black church in Light in August, this woman, "already in a semihysterical state" from the service, calls him "the devil!" and "Satan himself!" before running straight at him (322). He knocks her down. (A regular feature at revival meetings, the 'mourner's bench' is set in front of the pulpit for repentant sinners to occupy.)

2152 Unnamed Negro Woman Near Burden Place

This woman is mentioned by Byron in Light in August, who tells Hightower that there is "a nigger woman, old enough to be sensible, that dont live over two hundred yards away" from the cabin on the Burden place where he has moved Lena (314). He says she can help Lena when she goes into labor.

1926 Unnamed Negro Woman in Window

In Sanctuary, as Popeye and Temple drive along the street with Miss Reba's on it, they see on the "second storey gallery" of one of the "dingy" houses "a young negress in her underclothes" (142). Her undress and the location of the building suggest she is a prostitute, but that is not made definite.

2162 Unnamed Negro Woman in the North

In Light in August Joe Christmas and this woman lives "as man and wife" in Chicago or Detroit (225). According to the narrator, , she resembles "an ebony carving," and as Joe lies in bed with her he "tries to breathe into himself the dark odor, the dark and inscrutable thinking and being of negroes" (225-26). Since she is the only Negro woman whom the narrative mentions Joe living with, it seems likely that she is the woman Joe is remembering when he thinks about the possibility that Joanna might reject him: "No white woman ever did that.

2151 Unnamed Negro Woman in Labor

She and her husband live in a cabin "immediately behind" Hightower's house in Light in August (73). Her husband leaves her to get help in the middle of her labor; when Hightower arrives in response, he finds her "on her hands and knees on the floor, trying to get back into bed, screaming and wailing" (74). With Hightower's help she delivers the baby, but it is "already dead" - "doubtless injured when she left the bed" (74).

1183 Unnamed Negro Woman Boon Shoots

This "Negro girl" in The Reivers is shot by Boon on Courthouse Square when he is trying to shoot Ludus (14). Her wound seems serious - not only is she "screaming" but also "bleeding like a stuck pig" - but the Sheriff decides Boon's white friends can resolve the situation by giving her father five dollars and her "a new dress . . . and a bag of candy" (14-15). When he mentions the new dress, Lucius as narrator notes that "there wasn't anything under" the dress she was wearing when she was shot (15).

1213 Unnamed Negro Woman 4

Much to Mink's surprise in The Mansion, this "big Negro woman" (305) is a congregant of Goodyhay's church. Albert explains to Mink that "her son had it too just like she was a white woman" - "it" is never clearly explained, but probably means that this son was killed during World War II (305).

1212 Unnamed Negro Woman 3

This is "the other woman" with whom Minnie's husband Ludus is having an affair in The Mansion (89).

637 Unnamed Negro Woman 2

This woman is part of a "throng of Negroes before a cheap grocery store" in "Mule in the Yard"; Old Het gives her a banana, but it's not clear whether it's to eat or just to hold for a minute (259). She also appears in The Town.

1211 Unnamed Negro Woman 1

In Flags in the Dust the wife of the black farmer in whose barn Bayard spends his last night in Yoknapatawpha feeds him breakfast and dinner on Christmas Day, but she herself is not named or described.

3552 Unnamed Negro Witness 3

In The Mansion this unnamed Negro reports to Ratliff about seeing Mink Snopes making his way back to town.

2081 Unnamed Negro Witness 2

In "Smoke" this man - referred to by Gavin Stevens only as "a nigger" - reports to Stevens that a "big car was parked in Virginius Holland’s barn the night before Judge Dukinfield was killed" (29).

2080 Unnamed Negro Witness 1

This man in "Smoke" - referred to only as "a Negro" - tells the authorities about seeing Old Anse "digging up the graves in the cedar grove where five generations of his wife’s people rested" (9).

3536 Unnamed Negro Wife of Cotton Farmer

The wife of the cotton farmer in The Mansion works with him and the whole family picking cotton, and then, with her daughter, she prepares supper according to the etiquette of Jim Crow - that is, first she serves the meal for Mink Snopes to eat alone, and then "the meal for the family" (440).

716 Unnamed Negro Wife

This character is created in "That Evening Sun" by Mr. Compson, either because of his assumptions about someone like Jesus, or because he desires to reassure Nancy that Jesus won't return; she is the new wife that Jesus has married in St Louis (295).

3180 Unnamed Negro Who Kicks Nancy

All we know about referred to in Requiem for a Nun as "the man who kicked" Nancy and caused her miscarriage is that he might have been the unborn child's father (219). Because the assault happened at "a picnic or dance or frolic or fight" and Nancy would not have been allowed to attend a gathering of whites, we are assuming this man is black (219).

1996 Unnamed Negro Who Finds Gun

In "The Hound" the clerk named Snopes tells Cotton that the man who found his shotgun in the slough where he tried to hide it was "a nigger squirl hunter" (159). When Faulkner re-tells this story in The Hamlet, Cotton is named Mink Snopes, the clerk is named Lump Snopes, and the Negro who "found that durn gun" is fishing instead of hunting - actually, he is "grabbling," in which you try to catch the fish under water with your bare hands (257).

2150 Unnamed Negro Who Disappeared

This character in Light in August is enigmatic. He is mentioned by the "old negro woman" whom Joe Brown asks to take a message to the Sheriff for him (433-34). She refuses, citing the case of this man as her reason: "I done had one nigger that thought he knowed a sheriff well enough to go and visit with him. He aint never come back, neither" (434).

1878 Unnamed Negro Waitress

All Sanctuary says about this waitress is that Minnie's husband "went off" with her sometime before the novel begins (210).

1371 Unnamed Negro Waiter 4

The "Negro waiter" in The Reivers who waits on the few guests at the Parsham hotel is described as "temporary" (190, 193).

971 Unnamed Negro Waiter 3

In Go Down, Moses this waiter works in the Memphis restaurant where Ike and Boon stop before returning to the hunting camp.

970 Unnamed Negro Waiter 2

The young vernacular narrator of "Two Soldiers" refers to the Negro who brings food to the McKellogg apartment on "a kind of wheelbarrer" as "a nigger . . . in a short kind of shirttail coat" (98).

1370 Unnamed Negro Waiter 1

In Flags in the Dust "a negro lad" serves a car that pulls up to the curb outside the drugstore (274). Presumably he fetches something from the soda fountain inside the store, but that is not specified.

636 Unnamed Negro Wagon Driver 4

In "Raid" and again in the chapter with that title in The Unvanquished, this former slave is among the group allocated to Rosa Millard by the Union Lieutenant. He is identified only as a stranger to her, Bayard and Ringo. He steps forward to drive the wagon when the Lieutenant asks for someone who can handle "two span" of mules (53, 111).

1209 Unnamed Negro Wagon Driver 3

In Light in August this young man offers Joe a ride to Mottstown. He is from "two counties back yonder," and so presumably not aware of either Joanna's murder or the manhunt for Christmas (339).

1208 Unnamed Negro Wagon Driver 2

In Light in August Joe Christmas hails this man as he passes by on a quiet country road to ask "what day of the week" it is (337).

1210 Unnamed Negro Wagon Driver 1

This is the "negro in a passing wagon" who gives Young John Sartoris a lift back toward town after John crashes the hot air balloon in Flags in the Dust (68).

3645 Unnamed Negro Voters 2

According to Requiem for a Nun, "even Negroes" can vote in Yoknapatawpha elections "now" - though these enfranchised voters "vote for the same . . . white supremacy champions that the white" voters elected (38).

1279 Unnamed Negro Voters 1

Faulkner relates the time Colonel John Sartoris prevented a group of newly emancipated Negroes from voting in three different texts. In the first, Flags in the Dust, the event is described by Will Falls, who witnessed it "that day in '72" - i.e. 1872 (242). The second time, in "Skirmish at Sartoris" and The Unvanquished, the event is recounted by the Colonel's son Bayard, who witnessed it as an adolescent.

1303 Unnamed Negro Undertaker

In "Go Down, Moses" and again in the chapter with that title in Go Down, Moses, the Jefferson undertaker who buries the black citizens of Yoknapatawpha is himself a Negro. It was typical practice throughout the Jim Crow South at the time of the story to segregate funeral parlors as well as cemeteries. The "Negro undertaker" himself does not appear in either text (265, 363).

3232 Unnamed Negro Troops

These are the two different groups of "Negro troops" who serve in the U.S. Army in World War II and Korea that Devries commands in "By the People" (134). When Faulkner has the story's narrator say that in Korea, Devries "commands troops containing Negroes" rather than "Negro troops," as in the earlier war (134), he may be acknowledging the actual, slow history of racial integration in the military. World War II was the first time the U.S. Army allowed blacks to serve in combat, but kept them in segregated units that were commanded, as the narrator notes, by white officers.

3551 Unnamed Negro Trainman

In The Mansion Mink watches this Negro, who strikes him as "uppity," got off the train and put down a footstool so passengers can disembark (38).

1586 Unnamed Negro Trainhand

This is one of "two negroes" in Flags in the Dust - the other is Sol - who help Horace unload his baggage from the train on which he returns to Jefferson (157).

3362 Unnamed Negro Train Porter 2

In The Town the porter accompanies the conductor as he signals for Byron Snopes's four children to board the train. (He could be the same man as the porter on the train that brought the children to Jefferson a few days earlier, but that is not made explicit.)

3361 Unnamed Negro Train Porter 1

Although he's usually the first employee off the train when it arrives in Jefferson, in The Town this porter on the train carrying Byron's children lets the conductor and the flagman exit the train first (377).

3788 Unnamed Negro Train Passengers 2

These people don't appear in The Reivers, but their presence is evoked when the narrator sees Reba and Minnie at the Parsham depot getting out of "the Jimcrow half" of the smoking car - "where Negroes traveled" (194).

1369 Unnamed Negro Train Passengers 1

In Sanctuary during his train trip to Oxford, Horace rides on three different "whites only" cars, but on the first of these he takes a look into "the jim crow car" coupled to it (168). What he sees are "hatted cannonballs [the heads of the black passengers] swaying in unison" amid the "gusts of talk and laughter" (168). (Under the South's Jim Crow laws, as the phrase is usually written, train passengers were racially segregated.)

2618 Unnamed Negro Tenants and Servants

This entry represents the two groups of Negroes who are connected with the Hoake family in The Hamlet: the "negro field hands" who work on the farm (149) and the "negro servants" who work inside the house, and with whom Alison Hoake McCarron leaves her nine-year-old boy when she goes to bring her husband's body home (150).

3763 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmers 6

The noise of the car arriving at the Edmonds place in The Reivers brings "Cousin Louisa and everybody else on the place" to see it (61). This entry assumes that "everybody else" is black, and belongs to one of the families of tenant farmers who work an allotted piece of the Edmonds property. We assume that because Lucius adds that the group does not include "the ones Cousin Zack could actually see from his horse" (61). Here "the ones" clearly refers to the people whom the white land owner Zack expects to see working in the fields instead of taking time off to stare at a car.

635 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmers 5

The Negroes who work the land at the Harriss plantation are variously referred to in "Knight's Gambit" as "croppers" and "tenants" (163). As the owners of the land, both Mrs. Harriss' father and her husband use the tenant system, which became widespread across the South in the aftermath of Emancipation. The narrative notes that Mrs. Harriss' father managed the system in such a way that "a plow-team and its driver from the field could be spared" to drive the white family's carriage - an "old battered Victoria" - whenever his daughter wanted to go to Jefferson (155). Mr.

2780 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmers 4

In it clearly implied in Go Down, Moses that the labor on the McCaslin-Edmonds plantation is supplied by Negro tenant farmers. They don't appear in the novel, but when Lucas sees the sun coming up he thinks that in "another hour . . . every field along the creek would have a negro and a mule in it" (40). Like the fields, these mules belong to Roth Edmonds.

684 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmers 3

In "Go Down, Moses" and again in the chapter with that title in Go Down, Moses Gavin Stevens notes that "the only white person" on the McCaslin-Edmonds place is Roth Edmonds himself (260, 357). Although he doesn't say so explicitly, the rest of the community there is made up of the black tenant farmers, sharecroppers, who farm small parcels of the land he owns. Stevens is sure "they wouldn't" tell Mollie about her grandson's fate, even if they ever "hear about it" (260, 357).

2564 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmers 2

In Ratliff's account of the barn burning at De Spain's in The Hamlet, he refers to these men who are fighting the fire as "his [i.e. De Spain's] niggers" (19). That could mean they are servants, though it seems more likely that, like Ab Snopes, they are tenant farmers working other pieces of land at De Spain's.

1076 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmers 1

As the narrator of Flags in the Dust says, "the Sartoris place was farmed on shares" (289). The black tenant farmers are not slaves, though Simon thinks of them as "field niggers," a label left over from slavery (241). In the narrative these share croppers are more like part of the landscape than characters, but they are mentioned several times - first when they "raise their hands" to "salute" Bayard as he drives home from the bank at the beginning of the novel (8).

3748 Unnamed Negro Tenant Farmer 1

This "tenant on a farm six miles from town" in The Reivers is either the father or the husband of the woman Ludus is romancing (10).

3550 Unnamed Negro Teachers

After returning from Spain in The Mansion, Linda Snopes Kohl begins going into "the Negro grammar and high school" to try to improve conditions for "the pupils" (246). The black teachers in the school (along with their students) are described as "startled" and "perhaps alarmed" by her presence (246). Linda's plan would "send" these same black teachers "North to white schools where they will be accepted and trained as white teachers are" - meanwhile replacing them in the school in Jefferson with white teachers (250).

3549 Unnamed Negro Teacher

In The Mansion this "senior woman teacher" in Jefferson's Negro school seconds the principal as he tries to explain to Linda Snopes Kohl why her plan to improve education for blacks is misguided (247).

3548 Unnamed Negro Sunday School Students

After Linda surrenders her attempt to improve Jefferson's black schools in The Mansion, she meets with "a class of small children each Sunday at one of the Negro churches" (254).

3360 Unnamed Negro Substitute Fireman

In The Town Tom Tom Bird's "substitute, who fires the boilers on Sunday" (26), also fills in for him when Tom Tom keeps lookout at home.

3547 Unnamed Negro Student

The first time that Linda goes into "the Negro grammar and high school" in The Mansion (246), this "alarmed messenger" is sent to tell the principal (247).