Character Keys

Displaying 3301 - 3400 of 3748

Add a new Character Key

Codesort descending title biography
3353 Unnamed Men at Fight

This entry represents the men in The Town - described simply as "a few more men" - who watch the fight that Buddy McCallum arranges between his son Anse and Matt Levitt (207). Since Matt is from town and Anse from the country, these men could be from anywhere in Yoknapatawpha.

3354 Unnamed Mule Buyers

According to The Town, I.O. Snopes sells mules to "farmers and widows and orphans black and white, for whatever he could get, down to some last irreducible figure" (245).

3355 Unnamed Negro "Least Boy"

In The Town the Jefferson hotel porter named Samson works with someone whom Ratliff refers to as "Samson's least boy," whose one action in the novel is carrying a newspaper for the white bondsman when he leaves the hotel (103). It's not clear what "least boy" means - perhaps he is a bellboy at the hotel or possibly he is Samson's youngest son.

3356 Unnamed Negro Employees of the Holston House 1

This entry represents every "porter and waiter" on the staff of the Holston Hotel in The Town; according to Ratliff, they find the older bondsman from St. Louis so charming that they hang around his door, hoping for a chance to "wait on him" (88).

3357 Unnamed Negro House Servant 2

In The Town this "houseman in a white coat" performs general duties in for Manfred de Spain's house, and lives in Manfred's "late father's big wooden house" (14).

3358 Unnamed Negro Railroad Porters

In The Town, these two men carry the medallion of Eula across the railroad platform to Gavin's car.

3359 Unnamed Negro Pullman Porters

Although they are unseen in The Town, Charles knows there are "pullman porters" on the train that arrives in Jefferson in Chapter 24 (377). Shortly after the Civil War a white man named George Pullman designed the original sleeper cars for passenger trains, and hired blacks, in many cases former slaves, to serve as the attendants in those cars.

3360 Unnamed Negro Substitute Fireman

In The Town Tom Tom Bird's "substitute, who fires the boilers on Sunday" (26), also fills in for him when Tom Tom keeps lookout at home.

3361 Unnamed Negro Train Porter 1

Although he's usually the first employee off the train when it arrives in Jefferson, in The Town this porter on the train carrying Byron's children lets the conductor and the flagman exit the train first (377).

3362 Unnamed Negro Train Porter 2

In The Town the porter accompanies the conductor as he signals for Byron Snopes's four children to board the train. (He could be the same man as the porter on the train that brought the children to Jefferson a few days earlier, but that is not made explicit.)

3363 Unnamed Neighbor Girl

After Matt Levitt's departure in The Town, Linda begins to go to and from school "with another girl who lived on the same street" (222).

3364 Unnamed New Families in Jefferson

In The Town these families, including "engineers and contractors and such like" (380), moved to Jefferson with the city's modernization of its streets.

3365 Unnamed Tourists from the North

In The Town these undescribed Northern tourists admire Jefferson's Episcopal church and photograph it. Charles wonders at their attitude toward the church, "since they themselves had burned it and blown it up with dynamite in 1863" (321). As a Southerner, he's using a generic idea of 'Yankees' - whether Union troops in the Civil War or Northern tourists in the mid-20th century.

3366 Unnamed Someone 7

This person in The Town is first to notice that one of Byron's children is wearing the collar from Mrs. Widrington's missing dog: "One day the four Snopes Indians came out of Christian's drugstore and somebody passing on the street pointed his finger and hollered 'Look!'" (381).

3367 Unnamed Oil Company Executives

Only referred to generically in The Town as "the oil company," these faceless men "cuss Mr [Eck] Snopes" for his foolishness in blowing himself and one of their tanks up, but also give his widow $1000, "even if she had married a fool" (117).

3368 Unnamed Older Bondsman

This man, the senior of the two representatives from the company that bonds De Spain in The Town, has "gray hair" and comes to town wearing "striped britches and a gold watch chain big enough to boom logs with and gold eyeglasses and even a gold toothpick and the pigeon-tailed coat and the plug hat" (88).

3369 Unnamed Newspaper Boys 2

These are the "two more boys" whom Wall Snopes hires in The Town to help his brother, Admiral Dewey, deliver newspapers and "handbills" around Jefferson (135).

3371 Unnamed Somebody at City Hall

This is the "somebody at the City Hall" in The Town who is informed about the missing brass fixtures at the power plant and calls in "the auditors" to investigate the matter (31).

3372 Unnamed Presbyterians and Episcopalians

According to The Town, the members of the Presbyterian and the Episcopalian churches in Jefferson constitute the two oldest congregations in the county, dating from "before the county was a County and Jefferson was Jefferson" (321).

3373 Unnamed Man Who Questions I.O. Snopes

When I.O. blunders in The Town by saying "I reckon it's a few things I could tell a jury myself about - ," this unnamed man asks him, "Tell the jury about what?" (253).

3374 Unnamed Railroad Owners

In The Town, I.O. Snopes refers, resentfully, to the men who own the railroad he regularly sues as "them cold hard millionaire railroad magnits" (i.e. magnates, 260)" - because when Mannie Hait's husband was killed on the track, they awarded all of the indemnity to her.

3375 Unnamed Resident of Oxford

In The Town Linda Snopes asks "someone" in Oxford to tell her who was "the nicest lawyer for her to go to" about drawing up a will (343). The novel says nothing about this "someone," but since Oxford is where Faulkner lived, and the lawyer whom this person recommends is Faulkner's close friend [Phil] Stone, to whom the novel is dedicated, it's fun to wonder if Faulkner wrote himself into the novel in the role of this "someone."

3376 Unnamed Slaves of Mohataha

Like other Indian tribes in the old South, the Indians of Yoknapatawpha own slaves in various Faulkner fictions. The slaves of the Chickasaw who appear in "A Name for the City" and again in Requiem for a Nun are specifically referred to as the slaves of Mohataha, Ikketubbe's mother who rules the tribe in those texts. In the short story and in Act I of the novel, these enslaved people purchase items at the Indian agency-store in the settlement (17).

3377 Unnamed Slaves of Issetibbeha

Gavin briefly mentions these people in his vision of Yoknapatawpha in the past in The Town: the slaves who belonged to Issetibbeha, a Chickasaw chief (331).

3378 Unnamed Enslaved People 4

In The Town Charles notes that Jefferson's Episcopal church, "the oldest extant building in town," and perhaps "the finest too," was "built by slaves" (321).

3379 Unnamed Suitors of Linda Snopes

These are the "young men" in The Town who do or someday might court Linda Snopes (297). They exist both in fact - "half the football and baseball teams escort her home from school in the afternoon and squire her in gangs to the picture show during her junior and senior high school years" (299) - and in Flem's mind, as the threat to his control over his daughter and her potential inheritance.

3380 Unnamed School Teacher 3

In The Town Miss Vaiden Wyott's colleague is watching when Wallstreet proposes to Miss Vaiden (153).

3381 Unnamed Tenant Farmer

In his reconstruction of Flem moving his money to the Bank of Jefferson in The Town, Gavin imagines him being "stopped on the street one day" by this share cropper, "one still in the overalls and the tieless shirt . . . attached irrevocably by the lean umbilicus of bare livelihood . . . to the worn-out tenant farm" (281). He looks at Flem "with envy and respect (ay, and hatred too)" for having "wrenched himself free" of "the overalls and the grinding landlord" that define the costume and the world of a tenant farmer.

3382 Unnamed Two Men at the Cotillion Ball

In The Town these two men attempt to help Gavin Stevens stand up after Manfred de Spain strikes him down (79).

3383 Unnamed Two Witnesses

In his hypothetical account in The Town of the deal Flem made with Eula that allowed Linda to leave home, Gavin assumes the presence of "two witnesses waiting" outside the room until she is ready to sign the agreement he has drawn up (304).

3384 Unnamed Bachelors at the University of Mississippi

According to Ratliff's account in The Town, "there's a thousand extry young fellers all new and strange and interesting and male" at the University of Mississippi (271). Ratliff believes that among these young men might be Linda's future husband. Flem later thinks about this group as "a thousand young men, all bachelors and all male" - and a threat to his financial interest in Linda (304). (The University of Mississippi began admitting women in 1882.)

3385 Unnamed Veterans of World War I 1

In The Town these veterans who served in McLendon's company in the first World War return to Jefferson early in 1919, "except two dead from flu and a few in hospital," "all home again to wear their uniforms too around the Square for a while" (123).

3386 Unnamed Firemen 3

In "Mule in the Yard" and again in The Town a fire engine full of "volunteer fire fighters" arrives too late to save Mrs. Hait's house, although the men are in time to "fling her dishes and furniture up and down the street" in the attempt (258, 252).

3387 Unnamed Wholesalers and Brokers

In The Town these grocery distributors accept Wallstreet's commercial methods and innovations as congenial to their own.

3388 Unnamed Interior Decorator from Memphis

In The Town it is the wife of the furniture salesman in Memphis who knows what kind of furniture Flem wants for his new house, and she provides it. She is mentioned again as "the Memphis expert" who "learns Eula" what the home of a bank vice president should contain (173).

3389 Unnamed Wounded Veteran of World War I

In The Town Charles mentions that "one of Captain McClendon's company was wounded in the first battle in which American troops were engaged and was back in his uniform with his wound stripe in 1918" (123). He is the first veteran of World War I to return to Jefferson. (Historically, this first battle was the Battle of Cantigny, 28 May 1918.)

3390 Unnamed Yankee Raiders

The Town refers to the "Yankee raiders" who were present in Mississippi during the Civil War as the stuff of "legend" - the legend of the treasure that remains hidden where the plantation owners supposedly buried their "money and plate" to keep them safe from these invaders (8). (In earlier Yoknapatawpha fictions, the Sartorises did bury their silver and Union troops did dig it up.)

3391 Unnamed People of Yoknapatawpha 11

The country people of Yoknapatawpha, the people who live outside Jefferson, have a smaller presence in The Town than in many other fictions, but as a group they are mentioned several times. For example, when Gavin Stevens starts campaigning for County Attorney, he "began to talk like the people he would lean on fences or squat against the walls of country stores with" (176).

3392 Unnamed Younger Bondsman

In The Town Ratliff calls the first man sent to Jefferson by the company that insures the bond on Mayor de Spain a "pleasant young feller" who realizes at the end of "one quick horrified day" that settling Gavin's law suit calls for someone with more experience (87).

3393 Unnamed Younger Generation in Jefferson

For a long time prior to 1904, at least according to Charles' account in The Town, "the young people" of Jefferson accepted the rule of their elders, but De Spain's candidacy for mayor "was the opportunity which that whole contemporary generation of young people had been waiting for, not just in Jefferson but everywhere," to change the status quo (12). As voters, this younger generation gives De Spain a landslide victory: "they had displaced the old dug-in aldermen and themselves rode into office as the city fathers on Manfred de Spain's coat-tails" (14).

3394 Unnamed Negro Cane Mill Owner

Referred to in Flags in the Dust as "a sort of patriarch" among the Negro tenants on the Sartoris estate, and described as old enough to be "stooped with time," he owns the facilities - the mill and mule that grind the sugar cane and the kettle in which the juice is boiled - for making molasses (288).

3395 Unnamed Patients of Dr. Brandt

In Flags in the Dust the other people in the waiting room where Dr. Alford, Jenny and Old Bayard wait to see the Memphis specialist are described as "quiet" (246).

3396 Unnamed Negro Servants of Doctor Peabody

In Flags in the Dust, Dr. Peabody's household of black servants includes, to quote his dehumanizing description of them, "six or seven registered ones" as well as "a new yearlin' every day or so" (303). Like Abe, the only servant who is named, their main task seems to be assisting the gentlemen and ladies who come to fish at the doctor's pond.

3397 Suratt, Family of V.K.

In the story V.K. Suratt tells in Flags in the Dust about Doctor Peabody amputating his grandfather's leg, he mentions that the whiskey and (presumably) the pain caused "granpappy" to "cuss and sing so scandalous" that "the women-folks and the chillen went down to the pasture behind the barn" until the operation was over (136). (Suratt himself appears frequently in the fictions, in the later ones as V.K. Ratliff. His character remains essentially the same, but in those later fictions the Ratliff family is different from this Suratt one.)

3398 Suratt, Grandfather of V.K.

While drinking moonshine with Young Bayard and Hub in Flags in the Dust, V.K. Suratt tells them about the time Doctor Peabody amputated his "granpappy's laig," using whiskey as the anesthetic (136).

3399 Suratt, Oldest Brother of V.K.

V.K. Suratt's "oldest brother" appears briefly in Flags in the Dust as the person who taught him how "to chop cotton" fast if he wanted to keep from losing his toes (137).

3400 Shreve MacKenzie|McCannon

Shreve is Quentin Compson's Canadian roommate at Harvard in two of Faulkner's greatest novels: The Sound and the Fury (where his last name is MacKenzie) and Absalom, Absalom! (where it's McCannon). In the first novel he's largely defined by his concern for Quentin's well-being, which apparently leads some of their fellow students in the novel (and has definitely led a few critics writing about the novel) to speculate that the bond between them may be homoerotic.

3401 Unnamed Son-in-Law of Deacon

In The Sound and the Fury Deacon tells Quentin that the reason he marched in the parade "on that Wop holiday" (presumably Columbus Day, 98) was to help his son-in-law "get a job on the city forces" as a "street cleaner" (98). Deacon also calls him "that son of a bitch," and implies he's very lazy (99).

3402 Unnamed Trolley Conductor

In The Sound and the Fury the conductor standing beside Quentin on the back platform of the trolley twice suggests that Quentin should "get a seat" inside the car (171).

3403 Willow-Bearer

In "A Justice" "the Willow-Bearer" - his name never appears without the definite article - apparently performs an undefined ceremonial function related to the selection of the new "the Man" - the tribal chief whose title also always includes the "the" (349).

3404 Jock

In "Death Drag" Jock is one of Faulkner's aviators who cannot stay away from airplanes: a former pilot in the Royal Flying Corps who has lost his civilian pilot's license but continues to fly nonetheless. He is a tall, dashing figure whose stained clothing and unruly hair indicate that he doesn't care about his physical appearance; insomniac and perennially thirsty, he is emotionally tense and self-contained and won't accept offers of help from his former comrade-in-arms, Captain Warren.

3405 Unnamed Second Wife of Zilphia's Husband

The title character of "Miss Zilphia Gant" learns from a newspaper about this woman "in another state" who marries the man to whom she herself had been married (379); from the detective agency she hires, Zilphia learns about "the birth of a daughter and of the mother's death," a sequence that suggests this woman died in childbirth (381). Although from the agency's reports Zilphia learns enough about this woman's marriage to live "vicariously" inside it (380), what the story passes on to readers is vague and confusing.

3406 Myra Allanovna

Myra Allanovna in The Mansion is the Russian immigrant proprietor of an upscale New York store where she sells the neckties she designs. She is described by Ratliff as "a short dumpy dark woman in a dress that wouldn't a fitted nobody," but he adds that she has "the handsomest dark eyes I ever seen even if they popped a little" (186). (Faulkner almost certainly bases this character on Lucilla Mara de Vescovi, an Italian immigrant who opened Countess Mara, a men's neckwear company, in New York in the early 1930s; Countess Mara ties are still sold today.)

3407 Miss Allison

In The Mansion Miss Allison is the spinster daughter of Old Major de Spain's sister and "the retired principal of a suburban Los Angeles grammar school" (463). She is deeded the old De Spain mansion - 'the mansion' of the novel's title - by Linda Snopes Kohl.

3408 Mrs. Allison

"The only sister of old Major de Spain," Mrs. Allison in The Mansion is "a bed-ridden old woman living in Los Angeles" (463). She and her daughter end up owning 'the mansion' after which the novel is named. (If in Faulkner's imagination she is related to the Allison family that appears in the earlier short story "Beyond," the text doesn't say so.)

3409 Harold Baddrington

Harold Baddrington is a pilot who serves with Charles Mallison during World War Two in The Mansion. He gets his nickname "Plexiglass" on account of his obsession with cellophane, "which he called plexiglass" (323).

3410 Jake Barron

One of the prisoners at Parchman penitentiary when Mink is there in The Mansion, Jake Barron has "most of his head blown off" when he tries to escape (107).

3411 Luther Biglin

Luther appears in two different roles in The Mansion. He is mentioned as the best bird shot in the county who "shot left-handed" (228). When he appears near the end, after having been "a professional dog-trainer and market-hunter and farmer," he is serving his uncle-in-law the Sheriff as the county's "jailor" - and as the self-appointed secret "bodyguard" for Flem Snopes (448).

3412 Mrs. Biglin

Luther Biglin's wife in The Mansion has some political clout because she is the "niece of the husband of the Sheriff, Ephraim Bishop's wife's sister" (448); this connection helps explain how he got the job as county jailer.

3413 Unnamed Mother of Luther Biglin

Luther Biglin's mother in The Mansion is the "sister of the rural political boss whose iron hand ruled one of the county divisions" (448). This connection helps explain how Luther got the job of county jailer.

3414 Unnamed County Political Boss

In The Mansion Luther Biglin's mother is the sister of a "rural political boss whose iron hand ruled one of the county divisions" (448). The division is not Frenchman's Bend, because this man's rule is compared to Will Varner's "at Frenchman's Bend," but we cannot say what other part of the county it is (448). This boss helped elect Sheriff Bishop, and so Bishop gives his wife's son (Luther) the job of county jailer.

3415 Theodore Bilbo

The man whom Ratliff, facetiously, refers to as "our own Bilbo in Mississippi" in The Mansion was a racist and an outspoken supporter of the Jim Crow system of segregation. He was elected twice as Governor of Mississippi and later three times as a U.S. Senator (179). Two rural white characters in Yoknapatawpha (Bilbo Snopes and Bilbo Gowrie) were named after him.

3416 George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver was an early 20th century Negro scientist and inventor who promoted crops, especially peanuts and sweet potatoes, as alternatives to cotton. The principal of Jefferson's Negro school mentions him in The Mansion when talking with Gavin about Linda Snopes' efforts to reform education for the country's black children (248).

3417 Sergeant Crack

In The Mansion this man (who will be elected Captain Lendon's "First Sergeant" in the Sartoris Rifles) tells what happens in 1916 when Lendon and Tug Nightingale try to convince Tug's father to let him join "the Yankee army" (204).

3418 Dad

The Mansion provides no other name but "Dad" for the itinerant worker whom Mink meets at Goodyhay's house. He is "apparently as old as" Mink, and wears "a battle jacket" (293).

3419 Devries, Parents of Devries

In The Mansion the "folks" of Devries are surprised to see him return to World War II so soon after coming home (339).

3420 Dilazuck

Apparently he is the owner of "Dilazuck's livery stable" (202), but he himself never appears in The Mansion.

3421 Francisco Franco

First mentioned in The Mansion as "that one in Spain" on a list that includes "Mussolini in Italy and Hitler in Germany" (183), included by name on the later "Hitler and Mussolini and Franco" (214), General Francisco Franco led the Fascist side in the Spanish Civil War, coming to power afterward as the country's right-wing dictator. He remained in power until the 1970s.

3422 General Gamelin

Although The Mansion quotes "the splendid glittering figure of Gamelin" telling the French people to "Be calm. I am here" (231), in historical fact Maurice Gamelin was the French Army General whose handling of the German invasion in World War II was a disastrous failure.

3423 Gihon

Gihon is a federal agent of "no particular age between twenty-five and fifty" (259) who appears in The Mansion after "the police find out" that Linda Kohl is "a communist" (236).

3424 Brother J.C. Goodyhay

A former "Marine sergeant" (295) who, after seeing a vision of Jesus during a battle in the Pacific, comes back to the U.S. to run a religious community out of his ramshackle house. His wife reportedly "ran off" with a salesman while Goodyhay was at war (294). He is described in The Mansion as "a lean quick-moving man in the middle thirties with coldly seething eyes and the long upper lip of a lawyer or an orator and the long chin of the old-time comic strip Puritan" (293).

3425 Mrs. Goodyhay

In The Mansion the wife of Brother Goodyhay ran off with a "sonabitching Four-F potato chip salesman" while her husband was away fighting in World War II (294).

3426 Marvin Hait

In The Mansion Marvin Hait is "our local horse-and-mule trader" (202). He may be the same character as Hait, the mule trader who appears in "Mule in the Yard," and Lonzo Hait, as he is named in The Town, but the 'corrected text' of The Mansion says nothing to make that more or less likely. (On the other hand, in their one volume edition of the Snopes trilogy the editors at Random House changed Hait's first name in The Mansion from Marvin to Lonzo.)

3427 Beth Holcomb

In The Mansion Holcomb is a "thick but not fat and not old" woman who gives Mink chores around the house and points him in the direction of Brother Goodyhay (291).

3428 Holston Sisters

The Mansion's cast of characters includes the "last descendants" of Alexander Holston, one of the first white settlers in Yoknapatawpha and the man who established the oldest hotel in Jefferson. These two women are described as "maiden sisters," though the narrator adds, parenthetically, that "one of them, the younger, had been married once but so long ago and so briefly that it no longer counted" (421). They now own the Holston House, and run it with "cold and inflexible indomitability" (421).

3429 J. Edgar Hoover

Hoover was a founder and the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; he ran the agency from its founding in 1924 until his death in 1972. In The Mansion someone - Gavin is sure it is Flem - calling himself "Patriotic Citizen" sends Hoover a letter warning him about Linda as a "commonist" (269).

3430 Harry Hopkins

Hopkins was an American social worker who served in Franklin Roosevelt's cabinet and was one of the President's closest advisors. In The Mansion Charles puts his name on the list of the people "they called communists now" (237).

3431 Cap'm Jabbo

The guard at Parchman Penitentiary who shoots Jake Barron in The Mansion is called "Cap'm Jabbo" by Mink (108).

3432 Hugh Johnson

Hugh Johnson was the head of the National Recovery Administration (NRA), one of the government agencies that Franklin Roosevelt created during the Depression. In The Mansion Charles puts his name on the list of the people "they called communists now" (237).

3433 Hunter Killigrew

The deputy sheriff who watches over Montgomery Ward Snopes in The Mansion is named Hunter Killigrew. We assume he is also the unnamed deputy who escorts Mink Snopes from the jail cell to the courthouse at the beginning of the novel.

3434 Lendon, Mother of Mack

In The Mansion Mack Lendon's mother weighs close to two hundred pounds and "liked to cook and eat both" (205). Hence, she probably does not mind taking Tug in.

3435 Lendon, Brothers of Mack

In The Mansion Mack Lendon is "one of a big family of brothers in a big house" (205).

3436 Vladimir Lenin

Born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, Lenin led the Communist revolution against czarist rule in Russia, and was the head of the Soviet Union between 1917 and 1924. Gavin mentions him in The Mansion when he refers to Communist Russia as "Lenin's frankenstein" (259).

3437 John L. Lewis

When Gavin refers to "John L. Lewis' C.I.O." in The Mansion he is referring to the American labor leader who founded the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1935 (236).

3438 Malraux

The "Malraux" whom Linda tells about in The Mansion when she returns to Jefferson from fighting in the Spanish Civil War is Andre Malraux, the French novelist and socialist who fought for the Loyalists during the Spanish Civil War (241). Since he helped organize their small air force, Linda and Barton Kohl could have known him well.

3439 Mrs. Meadowfill

The Mansion describes Meadowfill's wife as a "gray drudge" (361).

3440 Otis Meadowfill

Otis Meadow fill is the irascible neighbor of Orestes Snopes in The Mansion, and is "so mean [i.e. miserly] as to be solvent and retired even from the savings on a sawmill" (361).

3441 Essie Meadowfill

The bright and endearing daughter of Otis Meadowfill in The Mansion. She graduated valedictorian of her high school with "the highest grades ever made" (361).

3442 Doc Meeks

Doc Meeks himself does not appear in The Mansion, but the "patent medicine truck" he drives around Yoknapatawpha advertises "Watkins Products" - a real manufacturer of health medicines that has been in business since just after the Civil War - on "both [its] sides and the back" (171). The novel describes those advertisements as the source of the name that the parents of Watkins Products Snopes gave their son.

3443 Unnamed Members of the American Legion

The American Legion was created in 1919 as an organization for veterans of World War I. Historically it has worked to secure veterans' rights. In The Mansion it is seen both positively and critically. Gavin is thinking of it when he talks about how "the Veterans' clubs and legions" provide "refuge" for the men who fought in the First World War only to find themselves feeling alienated, "betrayed and dispossessed" when they returned to the U.S. (201).

3444 Mussolini

Leader of Italy's National Fascist Party and the country's Prime Minister from 1922-43, during which time he took his country into World War II as an ally of Nazi Germany. The Mansion links his name with Hitler's several times.

3445 Mr. Nightingale

Mr. Nightingale in The Mansion is "a little scrawny man who wouldn't weigh a hundred pounds" even holding all the tools of his trade (201). His trade is shoe repair, "cobbling" (201). He is also a "Hardshell Baptist" who believes the earth is flat, and an ex-Confederate and unreconstructed Southerner who was "seventeen years old" at Appomattox when Lee surrendered. He gets very upset when his son joins the "Yankee" army to fight in World War I (202).

3446 Tug Nightingale

The son of Jefferson's cobbler and himself the local house painter, Tug Nightingale is over thirty years old when he enlists - over his father's furious objections - in the U.S. Army at the start of World War I in The Mansion. He serves in the War as a cook.

3447 Black Jack Pershing

The man whom Strutterbuck refers to in The Mansion as "Black Jack" is John Joseph Pershing, who led the American Expeditionary Force that went to Europe during the last year of World War I - or as Strutterbuck puts it, who went "to France to run the show over there" (84). Strutterbuck claims to know Pershing, but there is not the slightest chance he is telling the truth, about that or anything else.

3448 Eddie Rickenbacker

Eddie Rickenbacker was the most famous American aviator during World War I. He is mentioned in The Mansion by Strutterbuck, who calls him "Rick," implying an acquaintance with the "Ace" who shot down twenty-six enemy planes (84). But there is not the slightest chance that Strutterbuck is telling the truth.

3450 Mr. Rouncewell 1

This is the "paw" in The Mansion who "ought" to have "burned" his son's "britches off" for being out in the early morning hours to witness the robbery of the Christian's Drugstore (61).

3452 Smith, Father of McKinley

McKinley Smith in The Mansion is the "son of an east Texas tenant farmer" (373).

3453 McKinley Smith

During World War II a Marine Corporal, and afterwards the husband of Essie Meadowfill. His character in The Mansion is honest and hard-working. He and his wife are one of the most promising married couples in the fictions.

3454 Spoade II

This is the younger Spoade, who in The Mansion follows his father's footsteps from South Carolina to Harvard. He is a classmate of Charles Mallison; he invites Charles "to Charleston to see what a Saint Cecilia ball looked like" (229). (The Saint Cecilia Society in Charleston is an upper class social club that was originally organized in 1766; its annual balls have been around since 1820.)

3455 Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1924 until 1953. "Hitler's and Stalin's pact" - mentioned in The Mansion - was the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and Russia that the two men signed in 1939 (two years before Germany invaded Russia in World War II).